Current Affairs

Govt Schemes CRUX





  • In India’s developmental plan exercise we have two types of schemes viz; central sector and centrally sponsored scheme. The nomenclature is derived from the pattern of funding and the modality for implementation.

Under Central sector schemes

  • it is100% funded by the Union government and implemented by the Central Government machinery. Central sector schemes are mainly formulated on subjects from the Union.
  • In addition, the Central Ministries also implement some schemes directly in States/UTs which are called Central Sector Schemes but resources under these Schemes are not generally transferred to States.

Under Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS)

  • a certain percentage of the funding is borne by the States in the ratio of50:50, 70:30, 75:25 or 90:10 and the implementation is by the State Governments.
  • Centrally Sponsored Schemes are formulated in subjects from the State List to encourage States to prioritise in areas that require more attention.
  • Funds are routed either through consolidated fund of States and or are transferred directly to State/ District Level Autonomous Bodies/Implementing Agencies.
  • As per the Baijal Committee Report, April, 1987, CSS have been defined as the schemes which are funded directly by Central Ministries/Departments and implemented by States or their agencies, irrespective of their pattern of financing, unless they fall under the Centre’s sphere of responsibility i.e., the Union List.



Atal Innovation Mission

  • AIM will be an Innovation Promotion Platform involving academics, entrepreneurs, and researchers drawing upon national and international experiences to foster a culture of innovation, R&D in India.
  • The platform will also promote a network of world-class innovation hubs and grand challenges for India.
  • Under this mission two major schemes were rolled out such as:
  1. Atal Tinkering Labs
  2. Atal Incubation Centres


Atal Tinkering Labs

  • Niti Aayog brainchild Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) has selected additional 1,500 schools across the country to establish Atal Tinkering Labs (ATLs).
  • ATLs are play workspaces fitted with state-of-the-art technologies like 3D printers, robotics, sensor technology kits, Internet of things (IoT), miniaturised electronics.
  • AIM will enhance the coverage of ATLs to over 98 per cent smart cities and 93 per cent districts.
  • The addition of these schools will give a major boost to realise the vision of the mission to cultivate one million children in India as the innovators of tomorrow.


Self-Employment and Talent Utilization

  • SETU aims to promote entrepreneurship through techno-financial, incubation and facilitation programme and thereby creating jobs through startups.
  • It gives support and encouragement to young start-ups and other self-employment technology-intensive ideas.


 SATH program Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital (SATH) was recently launched in the state of Assam

  • implemented by NITI along with McKinsey & Company and IPE Global consortium.
  • The vision of the program is to initiate transformation in the education and health sectors.
  • aims to provide support to Assam in identifying key health priorities and implement the solutions towards transforming the health.
  • The workshop brings experts from development organizations such as World Bank, World Health Organization, UNDP, UNICEF

Mentor India Campaign

  • a strategic nation building initiative to engage leaders who can guide and mentor students at more than 900 Atal Tinkering Labs, established across the country as a part of the Atal Innovation Mission.
  • Atal Tinkering Labs are dedicated works spaces where students from Class 6th to Class 12th learn innovation skills and develop ideas that will go on to transform India.

The labs are powered to acquaint students with state-of-the-art equipment such as 3D printers, robotics & electronics development tools, Internet of things & sensors etc




Nai Udaan Scheme

  • The objective of the Scheme is to provide financial support to minority students for preparation of Main Examination, who clear Prelims conducted by Union Public Service Commission, Staff Selection Commission, State Public Service Commission etc.
  • It aims to adequately equip them to compete and to increase the representation of the minority in the Civil Services

Cyber Gram

  • It is launched under Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP) to provide hands on training in computers to the students of minority communities and enable them to acquire basic Information and Communication Technology (ICT) skills.


Mahila Samridhi Yojana

  • Skill development training in women friendly trades is provided along with stipend and formation of self-help group during the training period followed by infusion of micro credit for income generation


Nai Manzil

  • It aims to engage constructively with Poor Minority youth
  • Integrated Skill Training is being provided to the youth in market driven skills.
  • The other objectives include, raise awareness and sensitization in health and life skills, Mobilize school drop-out minority youths with formal education and certification upto level 8th or 10th through National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) or other State open schooling systems.
  • It was launched for the first time in J&K in 2016, where girls from minority communities are being imparted three-month skill development training in seven identified sectors relevant to the region

Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram

  • The erstwhile Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP), a centrally sponsored scheme, launched to address the development deficitsc in 90 minority concentration districts in the country to address the development deficits.
  • It has been identified as one of the Core of the Core Schemes under National Development Agenda.
  • It aims at improving the socio-economic parameters of basic amenities for improving the quality of life of the people and reducing imbalances in the Minority Concentration Areas.
  • Minority Concentration Areas have been identified based on both population data (25% of the total population belongs to minority communities) and backwardness parameters of Census 2001 of these areas.
  • The backwardness parameters are:-

(a) Religion-specific socio-economic indicators at the district level

  • Literacy rate;
  • Minorities in India
  • Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, Jain and Zorastrians (Parsis) have been notified as minority communities under Section 2 (c) of the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992.
  • As per the Census 2011, the percentage of minorities in the country is about 19.3% of the total population of the country.
  • Female literacy rate ;
  • Work participation rate; and

(iv) Female work participation rate; and

(b) Basic amenities indicators at the district level

  • Percentage of households with pucca walls‘
  • Percentage of households with safe drinking water &
  • Percentage of households with electricity
  • The projects considered are additional class rooms, laboratories,
  • school buildings, hostels, toilets, buildings for Polytechnics, ITIs, Community Health Centres, Primary Health Centres / Sub-centres, Anganwadi Centres, Rural Housing etc.
  • Education, Health and Skill are the priority under MsDP.
  • The projects are funded in the ratio of 60:40 and for NE and Hilly States at 90:10 between the Centre and States.




  • Atmosphere & Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems & Services (ACROSS) scheme was recently approved by the Cabinet Committee.
  • It is an umbrella scheme with 9 sub schemes.
  • Its objective is to provide a reliable weather and climate forecast for betterment of society.
  • It pertains to the atmospheric science programs of the MoES and addresses different aspects of weather and climate services, which includes warnings for cyclone, storm surges, heat waves, thunderstorms etc.
  • Each of the above aspects is incorporated as 9 sub-schemes under the umbrella scheme “ACROSS”.
  • The schemes will be implemented in an integrated manner by 4 institutes –
    1. India Meteorological Department (IMD),
    2. Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM),
    3. National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF), and
    4. Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Service (INCOIS)



  • Ocean Services, Technology, Observations, Resources Modelling and Science (O-SMART) is an umbrella scheme for the development of ocean activities.
  • It encompasses a total of 16 sub-projects addressing ocean development activities by the Ministry of Earth Sciences.
  • Its implementation period is from 2017-18 to 2019-20.
  • It aimed at stepping up ocean research and setting up early warning weather systems.
  • The important deliverables under the scheme are,
  1. Strengthening of ocean observations, modelling, ocean services for fishermen,
  2. Setting up marine coastal observatories for tracking marine pollution in 2018,
  • Setting up Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant (OTEC) in Kavaratti in Lakshadweep.
  1. Setting up of the state-of-the-art Early Warning Systems to deal with ocean disasters like tsunami, storm surges.
  • The technologies developed under this Scheme will help in harnessing the vast ocean resources of both living and non-living resources from the seas.


 Sagar Vani

  • Sagar Vani is an integrated information dissemination system that primarily serves fishermen community with advisories and alerts towards their livelihood as well as their safety at Sea.
  • The information to be disseminated is given by INCOIS under Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES).
  • Services will be disseminated in local languages using advanced artificial intelligence and machine learning capabilities.
  • It uses power of television and cable network mediums for alert dissemination services.
  • The system also has the facility to provide access to various stakeholders, NGOs, State Fishery Departments, Disaster Management Authorities to further disseminate these information and alerts.



Stree Swabhiman

  • an initiative for promoting women‘s menstrual health and hygiene.
  • Common Service Centres (CSC) will provide access to affordable, reliable and modern (eco-friendly) sanitary napkins to adolescent girls and women in rural areas.
  • driven by awareness and personalized outreach by women entrepreneurs who produce and market sanitary napkins by village level entrepreneus (VLE) and self help groups.
  • VLE will distribute the pads to girls in the primary and secondary schools in their village, encompassing girls from 7th to 12th grade.
  • semi-automatic and manual sanitary napkin manufacturing units will be set up at CSC for producing sanitary napkins.
  • The manufacturing unit – operated by women entrepreneurs and generate employment for women.
  • Thus conceptualized to create avenues for the rural and semi-urban women to become self-reliant and also progress towards a healthy eco-friendly lifestyle.


UMANG App Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance

  • (UMANG) mobile app allow citizens to access government services on a single platform.
  • include Aadhaar, DigiLocker, Bharat Bill Payment System (BBPS)
  • to provide access to over 1,200 services of various government organisations
  • to access Employees Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) services, apply for a new PAN, and can register under the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana.
  • developed and operated by National e-Governance Division of MeitY.


National Supercomputing Mission

  • to connect national academic and R&D institutions with a supercomputing grid of over 70 high-performance computing facilities.
  • will be networked on the National Supercomputing grid over the National Knowledge Network (NKN).
  • implemented by the Department of Science and Technology and Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY) through Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) and IISc, Bangalore.
  • includes development of highly professional High Performance Computing (HPC)
  • The NKN is another programme of the government which connects academic institutions and R&D labs over a high speed network.
  • India has recently granted contract to French technology firm to build 70 supercomputers under the National Supercomputing Mission.



  • National Informatics Centre (NIC) provides nationwide common ICT infrastructure consisting of national and state ―Data Centres‖ to support e-Governance services to the citizen.
  • National Knowledge Network (NKN) has been set up to connect institutions/organizations carrying out R&D, Higher Education and Governance with speed of the order of multi Gigabits per second.
  • Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) is under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
  • designated to serve as the national agency to collect, analyse and disseminate information on cyber incidents.
  • Country‘s first NIC-CERT has been recently setup that will monitor, detect and prevent cyber attacks on government networks


  • Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme
  • M-SIPS scheme aims to provide a special incentive package to boost domestic electronic product manufacturing sector and move towards Union Government‘s goal of Net Zero imports‘ in electronics by 2020.
  • promotes large scale manufacturing in the Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) sector by
  • Providing subsidy for capital expenditure upto 20% for investment in SEZ and 25% in non-SEZs.
  • Providing reimbursement of duties and central taxes for projects with high capital investments.
  • The incentives will be available for investments made within 5 years from the date of approval of the project.
  • Unit receiving incentive will provide undertaking to remain in commercial production for at least 3 years.


Jatan and Darshak

  • Centre for Development for Advanced Computing (C-DAC), has developed software named ―Jatan‖ that is set to revolutionize museum experience.
  • The latest technology will help online visitors get a 3-Dimensional (3D) view of hundreds of artifacts displayed at the museums. The software will enable virtual tours to museums.
  • Darshak‖, a mobile-based application, improving the museum visit experience ,the differently-abled.
  • It allows real-time museum visitors gather all details about objects or artifacts simply by scanning a QR code placed near the object.
  • C-DAC is the premier R&D organization of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) for carrying out R&D in IT, Electronics and associated areas.


Digital India

  • a programme to transform India into digital empowered society and knowledge economy.
  • coordinated by the department of Electronics and IT and implemented by all government departments.
  • to be monitored by a Digital India committee comprised of several ministers.
  • Digital India has three core components. These includes
  • The creation of digital infrastructure,
  • Delivering services digitally,
  • Digital literacy

Key points of Digital India Programme are

  1. Universal Access to Phones
  2. Broadband Highways
  3. Public Internet Access Programme
  4. e-Governance – Reforming government through Technology
  5. e-Kranti – Electronic delivery of services
  6. Information for All
  7. Electronics Manufacturing – Target NET ZERO Imports
  8. IT for Jobs
  9. Early Harvest Programmes
  • umbrella programme which includes the hitherto National Optical Fiber Network (NOFN) to connect 2,50,000gram Panchayats by providing internet connectivity to all citizens.
  • Digital India includes development of an electronic development fund and envisages Net-Zero Electronics Import Target by 2020.


Cyber Swachhta Kendra

  • a malware analysis centre aims to create a secure cyber space by detecting botnet infections in India and to notify, enable cleaning and securing systems of end-users to prevent further infections.
  • scanned by the Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-in) for free of all those users who register to the CSK website.
  • This centre will work in coordination with the internet service providers (ISPs) and Industry.
  • part of Digital India initiative.


 PM Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan

  • PMGDISHA is the new scheme to make rural households digitally literate by 2019.
  • initiated under Digital India Programme and expected to be one of the largest digital literacy programs in the world.


Jeevan Pramaan

  • One of the main requisites for the pensioners to avail pension is to provide Life Certificates (LCs).
  • aims to streamline the process of getting LCs by making it hassle free and easier to get.
  • an AADHAR Biometric Authentication based digital life certificates for Pensioners and facilitates online submission.
  • It will do away with the requirement of a pensioner having to submit a physical LC every year, in order to ensure continuity of pension being credited into their account.
  • Digital Submission also ensures authenticity of pension payments.


 Digi Locker

  • A secure dedicated personal electronic space for storing the documents of resident Indian citizens will be created.
  • to provide citizens a shareable private space on a public cloud.
  • The space can be utilized for storing personal documents like University certificates, PAN cards, voter id cards, etc., and the URI’s of the e-documents issued by various issuer departments.
  • a platform for issuance and verification of documents & certificates in a digital way, thus eliminating the use of physical documents.
  • There is also an associated facility for e-signing documents.



Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats

  • IDWH is a centrally sponsored umbrella scheme that consists of Project Tiger, Development of Wildlife Habitats and Project Elephant.
  • The schemes would result in overall strengthening/ consolidation of tiger, elephant and wildlife conservation in the country.
  • Besides, it would also address the Man-Animal conflict effectively and benefit the communities relocating from core protected areas.
  • The implementation of the schemes would be done through the respective States in designated Tiger Reserves, Protected Areas and Elephant Reserves.
  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has recently approved continuation of the IDWH beyond the 12thPlan period from 2017-18 to 2019-20.



  • Pro-Active and Responsive facilitation by Interactive, Virtuous and Environmental Single-window Hub was recently launched by the Prime Minister of India.
  • a Single-Window Integrated Environmental Management System, launched on the occasion of World Biofuel Day.
  • rolled out for online submission, monitoring and management of proposals seeking various types of environment clearances from Central, State and district-level authorities

Himalayan Research Fellowships Scheme

  • The fellowship was started to create a young pool of trained environmental managers, ecologists and socio-economists.
  • It will help generate information on physical, biological, managerial and human aspects of Himalayan environment and development.
  • The scheme will be executed through various universities and Institutions working in the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR) and the financial support will be provided under the National Mission on Himalayan Studies (NMHS).
  • Fellowships will be awarded for a maximum period of 3 years.
  • Areas that are being focused on for research under the NMHS are,
  1. Water resource management including rejuvenation of springs and catchments,
  2. Hydropower development,

iii. Assessment and prediction of water-induced hazards,

  1. Livelihood options including ecotourism opportunities,
  2. Biodiversity management including recovery of threatened species and skill development.


National Action Plan on Climate Change

  • a comprehensive action plan which outlines measures on climate change related adaptation and mitigation while simultaneously advancing development.
  • effectively pulls together a number of the government‘s existing national plans on water, renewable energy, energy efficiency agriculture and others and bundled with additional ones into a set of eight missions.
  • The Prime Minister‘s Council on Climate Change is in charge of the overall implementation

Eight core missions of NAPCC

  1. National Solar Mission – It has a goal of increasing production of photo-voltaic to 1000 MW/year; and a goal of deploying at least 1000 MW of solar thermal power generation.
  2. National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency
  3. National Mission on Sustainable Habitat
  4. National Water Mission – the plan sets a goal of a 20% improvement in water use efficiency through pricing and other measures.
  5. National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem
  6. National Mission for a ―Green India‖: Goals include the afforestation of 6 million hectares of degraded forest lands and expanding forest cover from 23% to 33% of India‘s territory.
  7. National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture
  8. National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change


National Mission for Green India

  • aims at protecting; restoring and enhancing India‘s diminishing forest cover by setting the following goals
    1. To increase forest/tree cover to the extent of 5 million hectares (mha) and improve quality of forest/tree cover on another 5 mha of forest/non-forest lands,
    2. To improve/enhance eco-system services like carbon sequestration and storage, hydrological services, biodiversity and provisioning services like fuel, fodder, and timber and non-timber forest produces,
    3. To increase forest based livelihood income of about 3 million households





  • Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (KUSUM) is a farmer-oriented solar power scheme that will allow setting up grid-connected solar plants in rural areas and off-grid solar pumps.
  • It involves decentralized solar power production of up to 28,250 Megawatt (Mw) over five years.
  • It aims at boosting farmers‘ income by allowing them to sell additional power to the grid through solar plants.
  • Under the scheme, the government plans to incentivise farmers to run solar farm water pumps and use barren land for generating power for extra income up to Rs 60,000 per acre every year.
  • It will also have provisions for solarization of tube wells and lift irrigation projects.
  • It is implemented by Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.
  • Various components of the Scheme
  1. Utilisation of barren land by farmers to generate 10,000 MW of solar energy and sell it to grid.
  2. Providing incentives to DISCOMS to purchase the electricity produced
  • Subsidy to farmers for buying 17.5 lakh off grid solar farm pumps.
  1. Solarisation of grid-connected farm pumps involving 7,250 MW capacity
  2. Solarisation of government departments’ grid connected water pumps involving 8250 MW capacity
  • The other benefits of the scheme include
  1. reduction in transmission losses,
  2. support the financial health of discoms by cutting the burden of agricultural subsidy;
  • supporting states in meeting their Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) targets;
  1. promotion of energy efficiency; and providing water security to farmer


Surya Mitra Scheme

  • The scheme is aimed at creating 50,000 trained solar photovoltaic technicians by March 2020.
  • The course is a 600 hours (i.e. 3 months) skill development program designed to create skilled manpower in installation, commissioning, and Operation & Maintenance of solar power plants and equipment.
  • The objective is to provide employability and entrepreneurship to rural and urban youth & women. Special emphasis is given to skill youth from SC/ST/OBC categories.
  • The qualification required to participate in the program is ITI (Electrical & Wireman) / Diploma in Engineering (Electrical, Electronics & Mechanical).
  • Higher qualified participants such as B.Tech etc are not eligible for this programme.
  • The programme is 100% funded by GOI and implemented by National Institute for Solar Energy (NISE) across the country.
  • In addition, short term training programmes for small hydro, entrepreneurship development, operation & maintenance of solar energy devices and boiler operations in co-generation plants have been organized.
  • National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE) is an autonomous institution of MNRE.



LPG Panchayat

  • It is aimed at encouraging rural communities to turn to clean fuel.
  • The first LPG Panchayat was held in Gandhinagar, which brings LPG users of a village and officials of fuel companies together.

Saksham 2018

  • Saksham is a month long awareness programme by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.
  • It is aimed to create awareness towards judicious utilization and conservation of petroleum products and switching to cleaner fuels.
  • It is organized by PCRA- Petroleum Conservation Research Association and other oil & gas PSU‘s under the aegis of Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.

Pradhan Mantri Urja Ganga

  • Jagdishpur-Haldia & Bokaro-Dhamra Natural Gas Pipeline (JHBDPL) project is part of National Gas Grid Project ( Pradhan Mantri Urja Ganga) of Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.
  • The 2,655 km project aims to connect the eastern states to the national gas grid.
  • Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal are the beneficiary states.
  • The project will usher Industrial development in East India by supplying environmentally clean natural gas to fertiliser and power plant, refineries, steel plants and other industries.
  • It also provides clean energy to households and transportation in the cities en-route the pipeline.
  • State-run gas utility GAIL India has recently placed orders for
  • 400-km of pipeline.
  • With these awards, pipe supply orders for 2,100 km of the project have been placed




National LED Programme

  • It is to ensure promotion of energy efficiency in the country.
  • It has two components – Domestic Efficient Lighting Programme (DELP) and Street Lighting National Programme (SLNP).
  • DELP – UJALA Scheme was launched to provide LED bulbs to domestic consumers.
  • SLNP – It aims to replace conventional street light with smart and energy efficient LED street lights by March, 2019.
  • The project is funded by Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a Public Energy Services Company under the administration of the Union Ministry of Power.

Urja Mitra

  • URJA MITRA App, which was launched recently by the Ministry of Power, empowers citizens by real time information sharing on power supply.
  • The application provides a central platform, Web-Portal as well as Mobile App, for State Power Distribution utilities to disseminate power outage information to urban/rural power consumers across India through SMS/email/push notifications.


  • Energy COnservation – New Indian Way for Affordable & Sustainable homes is an online portal recently unveiled on the occasion of Energy Conservation Day (14th December)
  • It is for increasing awareness to build sustainable and energy efficient homes in the country.
  • It is developed by Bureau of Energy Efficiency, a statutory body under Ministry of Power.

National Power Portal

  • It is a centralized platform for collation and dissemination of Indian power sector information.
  • It act as the single point interface for all Power Sector Apps launched previously by the Ministry, like TARANG, UJALA, VIDYUT PRAVAH, GARV, URJA, MERIT.
  • It has been designed and developed to disseminate analyzed information about the sector through GIS enabled navigation and visualization chart windows.
  • NPP is integrated with associated systems of Central Electricity Authority (CEA), Power Finance Corporation (PFC), Rural Electrification Corporation (REC) and other major utilities.
  • It would serve as single authentic source of power sector information to apex bodies.
  • The Nodal Agency for implementation of NPP and its operational control is CEA




  • Avataran is an umbrella program consists of 7 missions such as,
  • Mission 25 Tonne – It aims to increase revenue by augmenting carrying capacity.
  • Mission Zero Accident – It comprises of two sub missions such as Elimination of unmanned level crossings on broad Gauge in the next 3-4 years and Equipping 100% of the High Density Network with Train Collision Avoidance System (TCAS).
  • Mission PACE (Procurement and Consumption Efficiency) – It aims to improve procurement and consumption practices to improve the quality of goods and services.
  • Mission Raftaar – It targets doubling of average speeds of freights trains and increasing the average speed of superfast mail/express trains by 25 kmph in the next 5 years. It will complement Mission 25 Tonne to increase throughput of the railway system.
  • Mission Hundred – Under this mission, at least a hundred sidings will be commissioned in the next 2 years. Siding refers to low-speed track section / track branch distinct from a running line.
  • Mission beyond book-keeping – It will establish an accounting system where outcomes can be tracked to inputs.
  • Mission Capacity Utilisation – It proposes to prepare a blueprint for making full use of the huge new capacity that will be created through two Dedicated Freight Corridors between Delhi-Mumbai and Delhi-Kolkata scheduled to be commissioned by 2019



  • The Alternate Train Accommodation Scheme (VIKALP) scheme aims to facilitate waitlisted passengers to get an alternative train accommodation within 12 hours of the original train.
  • The waitlisted passengers will get confirmed accommodation in next alternative train if they opt for it while booking.
  • No extra charges will be paid by the passenger to avail this scheme.


 Clone Train Services

  • The proposed service will run‘ on high-demand routes within an hour of a scheduled train‘s departure to accommodate those on its waiting list.
  • The idea yis to ensure that they reach their destination around the same time they had originally envisaged.


 Rail Safety Fund

  • The new rail safety fund called ―Rashtriya Rail SanrakshaKosh‖ to be utilized for track improvement, bridge rehabilitation work, improved inspection work etc.
  • It is a non-lapsable fund created by Ministry of Finance, since the union and railway budgets will be merged for the first time.
  • It receives fund from this year budget allocation and also from the Central Road Fund.
  • The Central Road Fund is collected by levying Cess on diesel and petrol for safety-related work.
  • The Rail Safety Fund was setup based on the recommendation of a committee headed by Anil Kakodkar, former chairman of Atomic Energy Commission Chairman.


 Operation Swarn

  • Operation Swarn is launched by the Railway Ministry to improve services in Rajdhani and Shatabdi Express trains.
  • Under the project, the Indian Railways will focus attention on 10 key areas — punctuality, cleanliness, linen, coach interiors, toilets, catering, staff behaviour, security, entertainment, housekeeping and regular feedback.



  • It is the grievance redressal portal launched by the Ministry of Railways.
  • It is the first IT application to be launched on the Rail Cloud.
  • It is a platform for resolution of service related grievances of serving and former railway employees.

Initiatives by Ministry of Railways

  • SRESTHA – New R&D organisation to serve the future technology needs of Railways.
  • SUTRA – A special unit for Transportation Research and Analytics.
  • The team will be involved in World class data analytics, simulation softwares, network optimisation and decision support systems.
  • “Sampark, samanvay and Samvad” is a conclave organized by the Ministry of Railways to discuss and deliberate ―Vision for New Railway – New India 2022‖.
  • The conclave is aimed at breaking the boundary put up by railway organization in sharing information (sampark), improves co-ordination (samanvay), find solutions (samvad) to the critical issues facing Indian Railways.
  • It encouraged all officers to give inputs and bring out the ground realities and potential impediments to implementation of new policies and reforms.

Project Saksham

  • It is a comprehensive training programme launched by Indian Railways.
  • It is an up skilling exercise to upgrade skill and knowledge will be held for all employees of Indian Railways.



Setu Bharatam

  • It is a program for building bridges for safe and seamless travel on National Highways.
  • The aim is to make National Highways free of railway level crossings by 2019 by building Railway Over Bridges/ Under Passes and old &worn down bridges to be improved by replacement/widening/strengthening.


 Char Dham Highway Project

  • The Char Dham highway development project is an initiative to improve connectivity to the Char Dham pilgrimage centres in the Himalayas i.e Gangotri, Yamunotri, Kedarnath and Badrinath.
  • This objective is to provide 900 km highway roads with paved shoulders, provision for landslide mitigation and other road safety measures, which will provide all weather road connectivity for pilgrims and for movement of defence forces.
  • Generally the Char Dham pilgrimage centre four pilgrimage sites in India i.e Badrinath, Dwarka, Puri and Rameswaran but the Gangotri, Yamunotri, Kedarnath and Badrinath in Uttarkhand state were known as Chota Char Dham.


  • It is the National Portal that acts as a bridge between consultancy firms working in the road engineering and construction sector and domain experts and key personnel who are deployed both for project preparation and supervision.



  • It is a web-based application for Infrastructure and Material Providers.
  • It brings together the material providers and the prospective buyers engaged in executing central/state funded roads and highways and bridge construction projects in a common platform.


INAM-Pro +

  • It is an upgraded version of INAM-Pro, a web based application for Infrastructure and Material Providers.
  • The web portal designed as a common platform to bring cement buyers and sellers together.
  • This reduced the time and effort in preparation of proposals and bidding submissions, and helped to increase efficiency in procurement.


  • The first batch of E-rickshaws under the brand name of ―SmartE was launched in Gurugram by Ministry of Road, Transport and Highways.
  • The E-rickshaws have been manufactured in India and are fitted with GPS and tracking system.
  • It has established strategic partnerships with the Haryana government and Delhi Metro Rail Corporation to launch 1000 vehicles in Gurugram and Faridabad in 2017.
  • It will provide the last mile transport connectivity in the area and meaningful self-employment for marginalised youths in next 4-5 years



Aajeevika Grameen Express Yojana

  • It is a new sub-scheme under DeendayalAntyodaya DAY-NRLM.
  • main objective is to provide an alternative source of livelihood to members of Self Help Groups (SHGs) and facilitate them to operate public transport services in backward rural areas.
  • It will be implemented in 250 blocks in the country on a pilot basis for a period of 3 years from 2017-18 to 2019-20.
  • Under this scheme, Community Based Organisation (CBO) will provide interest free loan from its own corpus to the Self Help Group members for purchase of vehicles
  • DDU-GKY is tasked with the dual objectives of adding diversity to the incomes of rural poor families and cater to the career aspirations of rural youth.
  • It aims at transforming rural poor youth into an economically independent and globally relevant workforce.
  • It focused on rural youth between the ages of 15 and 35 years from poor families.
  • Special initiatives under DDU-GKY
  • Himayat – A special scheme for the youth (rural & urban) of Jammu & Kashmir.
  • Roshni – A special initiative for the rural youth of poor families in 27 Left-wing Extremist (LWE) districts across 9 states.

 Kaushal Panjee

  • Kaushal Panjee‘ (Skill Register) is a mobilisation platform for skill development.
  • The skill register aims to be citizen centric end-to-end solution to aid mobilization of candidates for DeenDayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) and Rural Self Employment Training Institutes (RSETI).
  • It facilitates mobilization through Self Help Group members, Gram Panchayat Functionaries, Block Officials, and CommonService Centres and directly by the candidate.
  • RSETIs and DDU-GKY Partners can access the Kaushal Panjee to connect with the mobilized rural youth.
  • Kaushal Panjee is connected to the Social Economic Caste Census 2011 which will help the States plan and target their mobilizations based on the socio-economic profile of households in their State.


Annapurna Scheme

  • under the Ministry of Rural development and Department of Food and Public Distribution allocates food grains as per the requirements of the Ministry.
  • Senior citizens of 65 years of age or above who are not getting pension under the National Old Age Pension Scheme (NOAPS) are provided 10 kg of food grains per person per month free of cost.


Aarambh mobile App for road maintenance in rural areas

  • The app aims at use of GIS based mapping for making road inventories, condition surveys, producing cost estimates and other relevant data for preparation and monitoring of annual road maintenance plans.
  • There is also another initiative in the name of ―Aarambh‖ launched by the network of organizations in India and Internet Watch Foundation (IWF) in Britain.
  • It is the country’s first-ever hotline to curb sexual abuse of children through the Internet and to remove child pornographic content online.


DISHA initiative

  • District Development Coordination and Monitoring Committee (DDCMC) is named as ―DISHA‖ by the Ministry of Rural Development.
  • It is for effective development coordination of almost all the programmes of Central Government.
  • It monitors the implementation of 28 schemes and programmes of Ministry of Rural Development and other Ministries to promote synergy and convergence for greater impact.
  • It is a data intelligence platform that will provide all information to the elected representatives to track the performance of all the major flagship schemes of the different central ministries in their respective districts and constituencies.
  • With the help of the DISHA Dashboard, the District Development Coordination and Monitoring Committee can access data at the level of a state, district, sub district and Gram Panchayat.
  • The main purpose of this committee is to coordinate with Central and State and local Panchayat Governments.
  • The Chairperson of the committee will be the senior most Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) elected from the district, nominated by the Ministry of Rural Development.
  • The other Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) representing the district will be designated as Co-Chairpersons
  • DISHA Week was celebrated from 25th to 29th June, 2018 to mark the successful completion of 2 years of the District Development Coordination & Monitoring Committee (DISHA).



  • Software for Estimate Calculation Using Rural Rates for Employment aims to improve quality of works through detailing of technical specifications, tasks and workflows.
  • All estimates under MGNREGS will be generated with the use of SECURE (software) from the Programme‘s Management Information System with effect from 1st April, 2018.



Biotech KISAN

  • Biotech- KISAN (Krishi Innovation Science Application Network) focuses on empowering Small- and Women- Farmers with Science Implementation.
  • The scheme aims to create strong scientists-farmers interactive platform where scientists will work in sync with farmers to understand problems and find solutions.
  • Several biotech kisan hubs is set up in 15 agro-climatic zones to understand the problems of individual farmers related to water, soil, seed and marketing and scientists provide solutions with validated technologies.
  • It includes the Mahila Biotech- KISAN fellowships, for training and education in farm practices, for women farmers.


LOTUS HR Project

  • The project LOcal Treatment of Urban Sewage Streams for Healthy Reuse (LOTUS HR) is an Indo- Netherlands joint project funded by Department of Biotechnology(DBT), Govt of India and The Govt of Netherlands.
  • The project aims to demonstrate a novel holistic waste-water management approach that will produce clean water, while simultaneously recovering nutrients and energy from the urban waste water, thus converting drain into profitable mines.
  • Special attention will be paid to pathogen removal and removing conventional and emerging pollutants.


Devasthal Optical Telescope

  • It is India‘s largest ground-based optical telescope.
  • The telescope is the product of an Indo-Belgian collaborative effort.
  • It is going to be operated by the Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), an autonomous research body under the Department of Science and Technology.
  • It will also be Asia‘s largest ground-based optical telescope, succeeding the VainuBappu Observatory in Kavalur, Tamil Nadu.


Farmer Zone

  • Farmer Zone is a collective open-source data platform for smart agriculture which will use biological research and data to improve the lives of small and marginal farmers.
  • The platform will connect farmers and scientists, government officials, thought leaders in agriculture, economists and representatives from global companies who work in the big-data and e-commerce space to bring about technology-based localised agri-solutions.
  • It is envisaged that Farmer Zone will help cater to all needs of the farmer, from dealing with climate change, weather predictions and soil, water, and seed requirements to providing market intelligence.
  • It was unveiled in the ―Smart Agriculture Conclave organised by Department of Biotechnology (DBT), under the Ministry of Science and Technology.


Surya Jyoti

  • It is the Low Cost and Environment-friendly solar lighting device.
  • It is a Photovoltaic integrated Micro Solar Dome, a simple innovative technology developed to meet the lighting need for people who do not have access to reliable supply of electricity.
  • The dome will capture day light and concentrate the same inside a dark room in urban slum or rural areas.



Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan

  • Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD) has formulated the Accessible India Campaign i.e Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan.
  • It is a nation-wide campaign for achieving universal accessibility for PwDs.
  • It aims to enable persons with disabilities to gain universal access, equal opportunity for development, independent living and participation in an inclusive society in all aspects of life.
  • It is in line with the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) to which India is a signatory.
  • The campaign targets three separate verticals for achieving universal accessibility namely the built up environment, transportation eco-system and information & communication eco-system.
  • DEPwD is collaborating with Ministry of Home, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Ministry of Information & Broadcasting and Ministry of Tourism for this.
  • Targets under the campaign –Envisages making all railway stations of A1, A & B categories and the international airports fully accessible to the disabled.
  • Conducts accessibility audit of all the international airports, domestic airports, major railway stations.
  • Seeks to convert at least 10% of government owned public transport carriers in the country fully accessible carriers for disabled persons by March 2018.
  • At least 50% of all public documents by the Central and State Governments to meet accessibility standards for persons with disabilities by March 2018.


Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana

  • It is a scheme for providing physical aids and assisted-living devices for Senior citizens belonging to BPL category.
  • The scheme will address disabilities like low vision, hearing impairment, loss of teeth and locomotor disability with such assisted living devices which can restore near normalcy in their bodily functions.
  • The devices will be distributed in camp mode and will be implemented by ‗Artificial Limbs Manufacturing Corporation (ALIMCO)‗, a Public Sector Undertaking under Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
  • This is a Central Sector Scheme, fully funded by the Central Government.
  • The expenditure for implementation of the scheme will be met from the “Senior Citizens’ Welfare Fund”.
  • Beneficiaries in each district will be identified by the State Governments/UT Administrations through a Committee chaired by the Deputy Commissioner/District Collector



Van Dhan Scheme

  • an initiative for targeting livelihood generation for tribals by harnessing non-timber forest produce.
  • Under the scheme, 10 Self Help Groups of 30 Tribal gatherers are being trained and provided with working capital to add value to the products, which they collect from the Jungle.
  • It also aims at build upon the traditional knowledge & skill sets of tribals by adding technology & IT for value addition.
  • It also focussed on setting-up of tribal community owned Van Dhan Vikas Kendras in predominantly forested tribal districts.


Vanbandhu Kalyan Yojana

  • It is launched for the holistic development and welfare of tribal population in India by plugging the infrastructure gaps and lags in human development indices.
  • The scheme focuses on
  1. Provision for a better standard of living and quality of life
  2. Improving access to and quality of education
  3. Generating resources for long-term and sustainable growth
  4. Bridging infrastructural gaps
  5. Protection of tribal culture and heritage.




  • The prime objective of the Sagarmala project is to promote port-led development and to provide infrastructure to transport goods quickly, efficiently and cost-effectively.
  • Sagarmala, integrated with the development of inland waterways, is expected to reduce cost and time for transporting goods, benefiting industries and export/import trade.
  • It focus on 3 pillars
  1. Supporting and enabling Port-led Development through institutional framework for ensuring inter-agency and ministries/departments/states‘ collaboration.
  2. Port Infrastructure Enhancement, including modernization and setting up of new ports and port led industrialization.
  3. Efficient Evacuation to and from hinterland.
  • The project intends to enhance the capacity of major and non-major ports.
  • It also strives to ensure sustainable development of the population living in the Coastal Economic Zone (CEZ).
  • Community Development Fund will be created for projects and activities which strive to bring development for coastal communities.
  • National Sagarmala Apex Committee (NSAC) is envisaged for overall policy guidance and high level coordination.
  • At the state level, the State Governments is suggested to set up State Sagarmala Committee headed by Chief Minister/Minister in Charge of Ports.


Jal Marg Vikas Project

  • Jal Marg Vikas Project aims at capacity augmentation of National waterways projects.
  • Government has recently approved phase –I of JVMP for enhanced navigation on the Haldia-Varanasi stretch of National Waterway-1 (NW-1).
  • Ministry of Shipping designated Inland Waterway Authority of India (IWAI) as implementation agency.
  • The phase-I of the project is being assisted technically and financially by World Bank(IBRD).
  • The project falls in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal.
  • The project is expected to be completed by March, 2023 and will provide an alternative mode of environment-friendly and cost-effective transport.
  • It will boost infrastructure development like multi-modal and inter-modal terminals, Roll on-Roll off (Ro-Ro) facilities, ferry services and navigation aids.
  • However, one of the major problems for commercially viable, safe navigation on NW-1 is the low depth upstream of Farakka due to low discharges from tributaries and difficult hydro morphological characteristics of river Ganga.
  • The nodal points along the National Waterway will be created by IWAI with the help of Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Limited (DFCCIL).
  • The project adopted River Information System for the first time in India.
  • River Information System is an IT based system to optimised the resource management of waterborne transport chain by enabling information exchange between vessels, lock and bridges, terminals and ports, status of fairways, calamity abatement etc.
  • IWAI is the apex statutory body created in 1986 for the development and regulation of inland waterways.




  • Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP) aimed at providing market relevant training to youths across the country.
  • Skill Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement (STRIVE) aimed at improving the quality and the market relevance of vocational training provided in ITIs.
  • Both Schemes are under the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship and supported by World Bank loan assistance.
  • The two schemes will help in setting up national body for vocational education – Vocational Education and Training (VET).
  • VET shall regulate accreditation and certification in both long and short term thereby bringing about uniformity in vocational training.
  • SANKALP is a centrally sponsored scheme and STRIVE is a central sector scheme



  • The programme aims to provide skills training and enhance the employability of unemployed youth of J&K.
  • The scheme covers graduates, post graduates and three year engineering diploma holders.
  • The key stakeholders are Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), State Government (Jammu & Kashmir), Corporates and National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).


UDAAN (Giving Wings to Girl Students)

  • Another scheme of the same name is implemented by HRD.
  • This project aims at addressing the lower enrollment of girls in engineering colleges/IITs and technological institutions.
  • It involves training 1000 selected girl students to compete for admission at premier Engineering colleges in India by providing course in an online and offline format.
  • The girl students enrolled in classes XI of KVs/NVs/other Government run Schools affiliated to any Board in India are eligible for the Scheme.



Saathi Initiative

  • Sustainable and Accelerated Adoption of efficient Textile technologies to Help small Industries (SAATHI) is a new initiative, under which, a public sector entity Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), would procure energy efficient powerlooms and other kits in bulk and provide them to the small and medium powerloom units at no upfront cost.
  • The initiative will be jointly implemented by EESL and the office of the Textile Commissioner.



  • It aims to boost infrastructure and modernization of the powerloom sector
  • It has nine major components like In-situ Upgradation of Plain Powerlooms, Group Workshed Scheme (GWS), Yarn Bank Scheme, Common Facility Centre (CFC), Tex Venture Capital Fund etc



  • Improved Cultivation and Advanced Retting Exercise for Jute (Jute-ICARE) aims to double the income of jute farmers.
  • It introduced some of the better agronomic practices and microbial-assisted retting among farmers.
  • Retting is a process in which jute is placed in liquid so as to promote loosening of the fibres from the woody tissue.
  • It was promoted intensively in few blocks in West Bengal and Assam on pilot basis.
  • SMSs are sent in regional languages on improved practices in jute cultivation, to registered farmers.


North East Region Textile Promotion Scheme

  • This umbrella scheme will be implemented in the North East Region in addition to the regular schemes of the Ministry of Textiles.
  • The expenditure will ordinarily be shared between Ministry of Textiles and the implementing agency in the ratio 90:10.
  • The scheme will be implemented throughout the North East Region covering the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura.
  • The normal duration of the projects will be three years. In exceptional cases, projects with a time-line of more than three years but not exceeding five years.
  • Under this scheme, two projects are being implemented. They are,
  • Integrated Sericulture Development Project (ISDP)
  • Intensive Bivoltine Sericulture Development Project (IBSDP)




Jal Kranti Abhiyan

  • JalKrantiAbhiyan is being celebrated to consolidate water conservation and management in the country through a holistic and integrated approach involving all stakeholders, making it a mass movement.
  • The objectives of JalKrantiAbhiyan are
  1. Strengthening grass root involvement of all stakeholders including Panchayati Raj Institutions and local bodies in the water security and development schemes
  2. Encouraging the adoption/utilization of traditional knowledge in water resources conservation and its management;
  3. To utilize sector level expertise from different levels in government, NGO‘s, citizens etc;
  4. Enhancing livelihood security through water security in rural areas.
  • Activities undertaken – Jal Gram Yojana, 2. Development of Model Command Area, 3. Pollution abatement, 4. Mass Awareness Programme.
  • Jal Gram Yojana – Under this two villages in every district) are being selected and an integrated water security plan is prepared to ensure optimum and sustainable utilization of water.
  • Funding – No separate fund have been allotted and various expenditure will be met from existing schemes of Central/State Governments, such as PMKSY, MGNREGA, RRR of water bodies, AIBP etc.


Namami Gange Programme

  • It is an integrated Conservation Mission for Ganga Rejuvenation by consolidating the existing ongoing efforts and planning for a concrete action plan for future.
  • The programme covers 8 states such as Uttarakhand, U.P, Bihar, W.B, Jharkhand, M.P, Haryana and Delhi.
  • Interventions taken under Namami Ganga includes, Sustainable Municipal Sewage management (Coordination with Ministry of Urban Development).
    1. Managing Sewage from Rural Areas.
    2. Managing Industrial discharge and pollution abatement
    3. Enforcing River Regulatory Zones on Ganga Banks, Restoration and conservation of wetlands, efficient irrigation methods.
    4. Ensuring ecological rejuvenation by conservation of aquatic life and biodiversity.
    5. Promotion of Tourism and Shipping in a rational and sustainable manner.
    6. Knowledge Management on Ganga through Ganga Knowledge Centre.
  • Under the aegis of National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) & State Programme Management Groups (SPMGs) States and ULBs and PRIs will be involved in this project.
  • Establishment of Clean Ganga Fund to encourage contributions from citizens for river conservation.
  • The programme is 100% centrally funded.
  • It is scheduled to be completed by 2020.


Nirmal Ganga Sahbhagita

  • Nirmal Ganga Sahbhagita is an initiative of Ministry of water resources.
  • It is mainly to assist the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) located on the banks of the river Ganga for achieving the objective of Clean Ganga.
  • It aims at sensitizing the ULBs about the pollution arising primarily due to dumping of solid waste in the river and involving them in stoppage of such dumping.


 Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project

  • It is a project under Ministry of Water Resources with financial assistance from World Bank.
  • 80% of the total project is provided by the World Bank as loan/credit and remaining 20% is borne by the States / Central Government (for CWC). Government has not sought funding from any internal agency for this project.
  • The objectives of DRIP are to improve the safety and operational performance of selected existing dams and associated appurtenances in a sustainable manner, and to strengthen the dam safety institutional setup of participating States / Implementing Agencies.
  • Initially, the project will repair and rehabilitation about 225 dam projects across the seven states of India, namely Jharkhand , Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, and Uttarakhand.


Atal Bhoojal Yojana

  • Atal Bhoojal Yojana is aimed at efficient management of available water resources.
  • The emphasis of the scheme will be on recharge of ground water sources and revival of surface water bodies by involving people at the local level.
  • It will focus on demand side management (how to meet requirements by minimum use of water).
  • The half of the fund will be supported by a World Bank loan of 3000 crore and the rest will be funded by central government.
  • It would initially be implemented with community participation in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Haryana, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.
  • It focuses primarily on involvement of communities and convergence with different water scheme.



Poshan Abhiyan/National Nutrition Mission

  • PM‘s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nourishment (POSHAN) Abhiyan strive to reduce the level of stunting, under-nutrition, anemia and low birth weight babies.
  • It targets to reduce stunting, undernutrition, anemia and reduce low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively.
  • Mission 25 by 2022 – Although it targets to reduce stunting by 2%, Mission would strive to achieve reduction in Stunting from 38.4% (NFHS-4) to 25% by 2022.
  • It may include the following nutrition strategies and interventions
    1. supplementary nutrition,
    2. IYCF(Infant and Young Child Feeding)immunisation,
    3. food fortification,
    4. adolescent nutrition,
    5. dietary diversification
    6. maternal health
  • Behavior change communication is the key component of POSHAN Abhiyaan for converting it into Jan Andolan (People‘s movement).
  • All the States and districts will be covered in a phased manner i.e. 315 districts in 2017-18, 235 districts in 2018-19 and remaining districts in 2019-20. It will be funded 50% by the Government of India and 50% by World Bank or other Multinational Development Banks.
  • The Executive Committee is the Apex body for all Nutrition related activities under the POSHAN Abhiyaan.
  • National Council on India‘s nutritional challenges under chairmanship of Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog, has been set up under the POSHAN Abhiyaan.


Integrated Child Development Scheme

  • ICDS is a centrally sponsored scheme implemented by state governments and union territories.
  • It aims at providing supplementary nutrition, immunization and pre-school education to the children.
  • Objectives– To prevent and reduce young child under-nutrition (% underweight children 0-3 years) by 10 percentage points, enhance early development and learning outcomes in all children 0-6 years of age, improve care and nutrition of girls and women and reduce Anaemia prevalence in young children, girls and women by one fifth by the end of 12th five year plan.
  • Beneficiaries –Children in the age group of 0-6 years, Pregnant women and Lactating mothers.
  • Services under ICDS –It offers a package of six services such as Supplementary Nutrition, Pre-school non-formal education, Nutrition & health education, Immunization, Health check-up and Referral services.
  • The services are offered at Anganwadi Centres through Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) and Anganwadi Helpers (AWHS) at grassroots level.
  • All components of ICDS except Supplementary Nutrition Programme (SNP) are financed through a 60:40 ratio (central : state). The Supplementary Nutrition Programme (SNP) component was funded through a 50:50 ratio. The North East states have a 90:10 ratio.



  • SAKSHAM/Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Boys aims holistic development of Adolescent Boys, on the pattern of SABLA.
  • It would aim at the all-round development of Adolescent Boys to make them self-reliant, gender-sensitive and aware citizens, when they grow up.
  • The scheme will focus on all Adolescent Boys between 11 to 18 years and will primarily focus on out-of-school boys.
  • The main objectives of SAKSHAM includes
  1. To make the Adolescent Boys gender sensitive, self-development and empowerment.
  2. To address the health needs i.e. the physical, mental and emotional health of ABs.
  3. To create sensitized Ahimsa Messengers to address Violence against Women.
  4. To provide relevant information and vocational skills through National Skill Development Program (NSDP) for future work-participation.
  5. To promote awareness about health, hygiene, nutrition and Adolescent Reproductive & Sexual Health (ARSH) and family and child care.
  • The scheme will utilize the structures made under ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services Scheme).
  • The Anganwadicenters are the central points to deliver the services, and if the Anganwadi infrastructure is inadequate, it will be provided by the local Panchayat or Municipal Committee.


Pradhan Mantri Mahila Shakti Kendra

  • to empower rural women through community participation.
  • Improving the child sex ratio, survival of new born girl child, girl education
  • Under the scheme, community engagement through student volunteers is envisioned in the backward districts at block level.
  • Student volunteers will help in awareness generation regarding various important government programmes as well as social issues.
  • implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development under umbrella mission for Protection and Empowerment for Women‖ for the duration of 2017-18 to 2019-20.



  • It is comprehensive Scheme for Prevention of Trafficking and Rescue, Rehabilitation and Re-Integration of Victims of Trafficking for Commercial Sexual Exploitation.
  • The Objectives of the Schemes –
  • To prevent trafficking of women and children for commercial sexual exploitation through social mobilization and involvement of local communities, awareness generation programmes, etc.
  • To facilitate rescue of victims from the place of their exploitation and place them in safe custody.
  • To provide rehabilitation services
  • To facilitate reintegration of the victims into the family and society at large.
  • To facilitate repatriation of cross-border victims to their country of origin.



  • It caters to primary needs of women in difficult circumstances.
  • This is a Central sector scheme for integrated services to women in difficult circumstances like destitute widows, women prisoners released from jail and without family support, women survivors of natural disasters, trafficked women/girls , mentally challenged women etc.
  • The package of services include provision for food, clothing, shelter, health care, counselling and legal support, social and economic rehabilitation through education, awareness generation , skill upgradation.


Swadhar Greh Scheme to target women victims

  • Women victims of difficult circumstances who are in need of institutional support for rehabilitation are being given help so that they could lead their life with dignity.
  • The Scheme envisages providing shelter, food, clothing and health as well as economic and social security for women victims.
  • The scheme focuses on establishing one SwadharGreh in each district.



  • It is a one-stop centre for providing medical, legal and rehabilitation facilities for women subjected to any kind of violence.
  • These centres will be established across the country to provide integrated support and assistance under one roof both in private and public spaces in a phased manner.
  • It focuses on strengthening of Multi Sectoral Response to violence faced by Women.



  • NARI is an online portal developed by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
  • provide women citizens with easy access to information on government schemes and initiatives for women


National Mission For Empowerment Of Women (NMEW)/ Mission Poorna Shakti

  • It aims to achieve holistic empowerment of women through convergence of schemes/programmes of different Ministries/Department of Government of India as well as State Governments.


Priyadarshini Scheme

  • It is a women Empowerment and Livelihoods Programme in the Mid Gangetic Plains
  • The focus of the project is on livelihood enhancement, the beneficiaries will be empowered to address their political, legal, health problems issues through rigorous capacity building.


Nari Shakti Puraskar

  • It is an award conferred on eminent women, organization and institutions rendering distinguished service to the cause of women especially belonging to the vulnerable and marginalized sections of the society on the occasion of International Women’s Day (IWD).


Mahila E-Haat

  • It is an initiative for meeting aspirations and needs of women.
  • It is a bilingual portal provides unique direct online marketing platform leveraging technology for supporting women entrepreneurs/SHGs/ NGOs for showcasing their products / services.


Dhanalakshmi Scheme

  • The objective of the scheme is to provide a set of financial incentives for families to encourage them to retain a girl child, educate her and prevent child marriage.
  • The scheme provides for cash transfers to the family of the girl child on fulfilling certain specific conditions like immunization, enrolment and retention in school, insurance cover etc.



  • e-Samvad is an online portal to provide a platform for NGOs and Civil Societies to interact with the Ministry of Women & Child Development.
  • Through e-Samvad, NGOs and civil society can provide their feedback, suggestions, put up grievances, share best practices which will help in formulation of effective policies




  • Students and MEA Engagement Programme (SAMEEP) was launched by Ministry of External Affairs as an outreach mission to take Indian foreign policy and its global engagements to students across the country
  • It aims to familiarise students in India about the functioning of the MEA.
  • The programme is voluntary



National Food Security Act, 2013

  • aims to provide subsidized food grains to approximately 2/3rd of India’s population
  • e 75% in rural areas and 50% in urban areas will be covered under TPDS, with uniform entitlement of 5 kg/person/month.
  • includes the Midday Meal Scheme, ICDS scheme, the PDS and also recognizes maternity entitlements.
  • each beneficiaries is entitled to 5 kilograms of food grains per month at Rs. 3 ,Rs. 2 , Rs. 1 per kg for rice, wheat and coarse grains respectively
  • Thereafter prices will be as fixed by the Central Government from time to time, not exceeding MSP.
  • However, the beneficiaries under Antyodaya Anna Yojana will keep receiving the 35 kg/household/month at same rates.
  • through local anganwadi for children up to 6 months and one free meal for children in age group 6-14 years in schools.
  • Every pregnant and lactating mother is entitled to a free meal at the local anganwadi as well as maternity benefits of Rs.6,000, in installments.
  • These maternal benefits are not extended to Government employees, since other similar benefits are provided.
  • provisions for food security allowance to entitled beneficiaries in case of non-supply of entitled foodgrains/meals.



Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Pariyojana

  • a direct market intervention scheme of the Department of Pharmaceuticals.
  • objective- to make available quality generic medicines at affordable prices to all, especially the poor, throughout the country, through outlets known as Jan Aushadhi Stores (JASs).
  • encourages doctors to prescribe generic medicines and reduces unit cost of treatment per person.
  • The State Governments are required to provide space in Government Hospital premises or any other suitable locations for the running of the JAS‘.
  • minimum 3 years of successful operation in welfare activities can also open the JAS outside the hospital premises.


PM Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana Kendras

  • Individual Entrepreneurs/Pharmacist/Doctor can also open the Jan Aushadhi Kendra at outside of the hospital premises or any other suitable place.
  • Bureau of Pharma PSUs of India (BPPI) is the implementing agency
  • a self-sustaining business model not dependent on continuous government subsidies or assistance.



Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik                                         

  • UDAN/Regional Connectivity Scheme‘s objective is to facilitate affordable regional air connectivity.
  • Airports Authority of India (AAI) is the implementing agency.
  • offers concessions to the airlines to encourage them to fly on regional routes.
  • levies or charges imposed by the airport operators, excise duty at 2% and VAT at 1% on aviation turbine fuel, parking charges at airports and exempting these operations from the GST net.
  • The maximum airfare has been capped at Rs 2500 for a one-hour journey of approximately 500 kilometre on an aircraft or for a 30-minute journey on a helicopter.
  • The selected airlines will have to commit 50% of the seats on RCS flights (3-7 operational flights/week) and all seats up to 13 passenger seats on helicopters as RCS seats.
  • A Regional Connectivity Fund (RCF) will be created to subsidise operations under the RCS.
  • The central government will fund 80% of the losses incurred
  • provided through the Viability Gap Funding (VGF) to the selected airline operators from RCF, and state governments will be required to reimburse the applicable share.
  • VGF – for three years from the date of commencement of operations of such RCS flights.
  • In general, central and state contributions for VGF are 80:20 and for the north-eastern states & union territories it is 90:10.
  • Benefits under the Scheme will be available for a period of 10 years from the date of its notification.
  • RCS will be made operational only in states and at airports which are willing to provide concessions required under the Scheme.
  • Earlier, there was a requirement of 150 km minimum distance between two airports to be qualified for operations under the scheme. But later it was abolished.
  • Maharashtra is the first state to sign agreement with centre for RCS.


International UDAN

  • a new international air connectivity scheme, which is an extension of the domestic UDAN scheme.
  • to connect India‘s smaller cities directly to some key foreign destinations in the neighbourhood.
  • seeks to make use of the open skies policy that India has with other Asian countries that allows direct and unlimited flights to and from these nations to 18 Indian destinations.
  • Unlike in domestic UDAN, it is only the State government that will provide the financial support for flights under international UDAN.
  • Like the domestic UDAN, the financial support and flying exclusivity on the route will be for 3 years.
  • Only Indian carriers can participate in the international UDAN scheme, and only aircraft with capacity of 70 seats or more can fly the foreign routes.


Digi Yatra

  • aims to bring together entire aviation industry to develop a digital ecosystem that will deliver Indian air travellers a seamless, consistent and paperless service experience.
  • All aviation stakeholders – airlines, airport operators, security and immigration agencies, cab operators, retail establishment and others are working to devise digital standards which can enable seamless exchange of data.
  • g It uses facial recognition technology to enable faster check-ins without requiring any paper-based interventions


 NABH Nirman Scheme

  • NextGen Airports for Bharat (NABH) Nirman is an initiative to expand airport capacity by more than five times to handle a billion trips a year.
  • The three aspects of NABH Nirman are building of airport capacity through,
  1. fair and equitable land acquisition,
  2. long-term master plan for airport and regional development,
  • balanced economics for all stakeholders






Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanraks Han Abhiyan


PM-AASHA is a new umbrella scheme aimed at ensuring remunerative prices to the farmers for their produce.

The three components that are part of AASHA are:

1. Price Support Scheme

2. Price Deficiency Payment Scheme

3. Pilot of Private Procurement and Stockist Scheme

PSS – Under the PSS, physical procurement of pulses, oilseeds and copra will be done by Central Nodal Agencies.

 Besides, NAFED and Food Cooperation of India will also take up procurement of crops under PSS.



·       National Agricultural Cooperative marketing Federation of India (NAFED) was established in 1958.

·       registered under the multi state co-operative societies act.

·        objective is to promote co-operative marketing of agricultural produce to benefit the farmers

FCI The Food Corporation of India was set up under the Food Corporation’s Act 1964, with the following objectives –

1. effective price support operations for safeguarding the interests of the farmers

2. distribution of foodgrains throughout the country for public distribution system

3. maintaining satisfactory level of operational and buffer stocks of foodgrains to ensure National Food Security

Krishi Kalyan Abhiyan

  • Krishi kalyan Abhiyaan will be undertaken in 25 Villages with more than 1000 population each in Aspirational Districts identified in consultation with Ministry of Rural Development as per directions of NITI Ayog.
  • Various activities to promote best practices and enhance agriculture income are being undertaken under this plan such as:-
  1. Distribution of Soil Health Cards to all farmers
  2. 100% coverage of bovine vaccination for Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) in each village
  3. 100% coverage of Sheep and Goat for eradication of Peste des Petits ruminants (PPR )
  4. Distribution of Mini Kits of pulses and oilseeds to all
  5. Distribution of Horticulture/Agro Forestry/Bamboo plant @ 5 per family(location appropriate)
  6. Artificial insemination saturation
  7. Demonstration program on Micro- irrigation


Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana


11 schemes/missions are,

  1. Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture
  2. National Food Security Mission including National Mission on Oil Seeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP),
  3. National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture
  4. Submission on Agriculture Extension
  5. Sub-Mission on Seeds and Planting Material
  6. Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization
  7. Sub Mission on Plant Protection and Plan Quarantine
  8. Integrated Scheme on Agriculture Census, Economics and Statistics
  9. Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Cooperation
  10. Integrated Scheme on Agriculture Marketing
  11. National e-Governance Plan (NeGP-A)


Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North East Region

  • MOVCDNER (2015-16 to 2017-18) is a Central Sector Scheme that seeks to capitalise on the organic farming potential of North-East India.
  • covers the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura.
  • aims at development of certified organic production in a value chain mode
  • supports the development of entire value chain, covering Value Chain Production, Processing, Marketing and Support Agencies.


Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana

  • to provide comprehensive insurance coverage against crop loss.
  • compulsory for farmers availing crop loans for notified crops in notified areas and voluntary for non-loanee farmers.

Premium rate – There is no capping in premium and one premium rate on pan-India basis. It is 1.5%, 2% and 5% for all Rabi, Kharif and annual horticultural/commercial crops, respectively.

  • no upper limit on the government subsidy i.e the difference between premium and insurance charges paid by the farmer.


Premium rates Low High Lower than even NAIS
One Season – One Premium Yes No Yes
Insurance Amount cover Full Capped Full
Localized Risk coverage No Hail storm Land slide Hail storm, Land slide Inundation
Post Harvest Losses coverage No Coastal areas – for cyclonic rain Coastal areas – for cyclonic rain and seasonal rain
Use of Technology Yes Intended Mandatory


Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana

  • to promote organic farming and the products will be linked with the market.
  • implemented in a cluster based approach and farmers will be funded to meet the expenditure from farm to market.
  • no liability for farmers for expenditure on certification.


Electronic National Agriculture Market

  • e-NAM is a pan-India electronic trading portal which networks the existing APMC mandis (physical market) to create a unified national market for agricultural commodities.
  • virtual market but it is connected to a mandis at the back end
  • Funding – Funded by Agri-Tech Infrastructure Fund (ATIF) which is set up through the Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC).
  • License – Liberal licensing of traders and commission agents by state authorities and one license for a trader is valid across all markets in the state.
  • Market Fee – Single point levy on the first wholesale purchase from the farmer.
  • Implementation – A Central Sector Scheme. Willing states enact suitable provisions in their APMC act for integration with the e-platform.
  • Soil Testing Laboratories available in the mandis itself.
  • SFAC will be the lead agency for the development of the National e-Market by the Ministry of Agriculture, and they will select a service provider through open bidding


National Food Security Mission

  • centrally sponsored scheme.
  • launched to enhance the production of Rice, Wheat, Pulses, Coarse Cereals and commercial crops (Cotton, jute and Sugarcane).
  • Targets – Production of rice, wheat and pulses would be increased by 10, 8, 4 million tonnes respectively and Coarse cereals by 3 million tonnes.
  • Funding – 50:50 by Centre and State for food crops and 100% centre funding for cash crops.
  • implemented through cluster demonstration, distribution of high yield seeds with farm mechanization, & Integrated pest management.
  • (Note – National Food Security Act is different from the Mission and the act is administered by the Ministry of Consumer Affairs).


Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana

  • Main objectives are –
  1. Extending the coverage of irrigation
  2. Improving water use efficiency
  • End to end solution on source creation, distribution, management, field application and extension activities.
  • formulated by amalgamating ongoing schemes
  • Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) – Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR,RD&GR).
  • Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) – Department of Land Resources (DoLR), Ministry of Rural Developement.
  • On Farm Water Management (OFWM) – Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC).
  • Implementation – Decentralised manner through State Irrigation Plan and District Irrigation Plan.
  • Micro Irrigation Fund – The fund was set up with a initial corpus of Rs.5,000 crore under the scheme with NABARD.
  • NABARD will extend the loan to State Governments to mobilise resources to achieve the annual target of about 2 million ha/year during the remaining period of 14th Finance commission
  • supplement the efforts of Per Drop More Crop Component (PDMC) of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana.


Krishi Vigyan Kendras

  • agricultural extension centers created by ICAR to provide various types of farm support.
  • created to serve as a single window mechanism for addressing the technology needs of farmers and acts as a link among researchers, extension functionaries like NGOs and farmers.
  • The farm support includes farm advisory service including climate resilient technologies, training programme for NGOs and front line demonstration and on Farm testing.
  • KVK operates under the administrative control of State Agricultural University (SAU) or central institute


  • e-Rashtriya Kisan Agri Mandi (E-RaKAM) is a digital platform portal enables farmers to sell their agricultural products through auction across the country.
  • The farmers would get the payment for their products directly into their bank accounts without any intermediaries.
  • CWRC, a subsidiary of the Central Warehousing Corporation Ltd, will provide logistics support for sellers and buyers in case they need it.


National Programme on use of Space Technology for Agriculture

  • NPSTA is a proposed programme which envisages integrated use of Space and Geospatial Tools for Mapping, Monitoring and Management of Agriculture.
  • The current running programmes will be subsumed under this. They are
  1. Project FASAL (for crop forecasting),
  2. Project NADAMS (for drought assessment),
  • Project CHAMAN (for horticultural assessment and development),
  1. Project KISAN (for crop insurance) and Crop Intensification planning.
  • The programme will have four sub-programmes such as Crop Assessment & Monitoring, Agricultural Resources Management, Disaster Monitoring and Mitigation, Satellite Communication and Navigation Applications.


Project CHAMAN

  • a pioneer project to provide strategic development to the horticulture sector, so as to increase farmers‘ income.
  • being implemented by National Crop Forecast Centre (MNCFC) using remote sensing technology and is likely to be completed in March 2018 in all the states.
  • The Geo-Spatial Studies like crop intensification, orchard rejuvenation and aqua-horticulture are deployed for preparing reliable estimates of crop production


Mission Fingerling

  • A juvenile fish that are typically about the size of fingers with developed scales and working fins is called a fingerling.
  • Fish Fingerling production is the single most important critical input to achieve fish production targets under the Blue Revolution.
  • Under this mission, potential states will be identified to strengthen the fish seed infrastructure and facilitate the establishment of hatcheries and Fingerling rearing pond under the Blue revolution by 2020-21


“Quality Mark” Award Scheme

  • The National Dairy Development Board with the support of Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries has initiated ―Quality Mark‖ award scheme for dairy cooperatives.
  • It is to promote and encourage enhancement of safety, quality and hygiene of milk and milk products manufactured by dairy cooperatives


Zero Hunger Programme

  • On the occasion of world food day (October 16), three districts in India have initiated India’s ‘Zero Hunger’ programme through interventions in farm sector.
  • Those districts are Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh, Koraput in Odisha and Thane in Maharashtra.
  • It will be initiated by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) in association with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the M S Swaminathan Research Foundation and the Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC).
  • These three districts would act as a model of an integrated approach adopting suitable agricultural/horticultural practices.
  • The programme consists of organisations of farming system for nutrition, setting up genetic gardens and initiation of ‗Zero Hunger‘ training.
  • A genetic garden for biofortified plants/crops contains the germplasm of naturally biofortified crops or such crops through plant breeding


Pusa Krishi

  • It is a new mobile app for farmers in order to take the technology to farm fields.
  • The app will provide farmers with information related to new varieties of crops developed by ICAR


Kisan Suvidha

  • It is a mobile app developed to provide information to farmers on weather, market prices, farm machinery as well as identification and management of crop pest and diseases



  • It is a mission launched by National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC).
  • The objective of the mission is to double the farmers‘ income through providing new employment opportunities generated through cooperatives


Dairy Processing and Infrastructure Development Fund

  • The fund will be set with an outlay of Rs.10000 crore.
  • The amount will be sourced from NABARD as a loan and end borrower contribution (as interest for the loan).
  • The fund will be disbursed to National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) and National Dairy Development Corporation (NCDC).
  • It funds the project focussing on building an efficient milk procurement system through building proper infrastructure and equipments.
  • These projects will be implemented by NDDB and NCDC through milk unions and dairy cooperatives.
  • Milk cooperatives (end borrowers) will be provided financial assistance in the form of loan at 6.5% interest which will be reimbursed over a period of 10 years


Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund

  • The nodal loaning entities for the fund are
  1. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD),
  • National Cooperatives Development Corporation (NCDC) and
  1. All scheduled Banks.
  • Under FIDF, loan lending will be over a period of five years from 2018-19 to 2022-23.

Benefits – To augment fish production – target of 15 million tonne by 2020

  • To achieve a sustainable growth of 8% -9%
  • Employment opportunities to over 9.40 lakh fishers/fishermen/fisherfolk



Startup Academia Alliance Programme

  • Startup India has recently launched the Startup Academia Alliance programme.
  • a unique mentorship opportunity between academic scholars and startups working in similar domains.
  • aims to reduce the gap between scientific research and its industrial applications in order to increase the efficacy and impact of these technologies.
  • The first phase of the programme was launched in partnership with Regional Centre for Biotechnology and TERI.


Integrate to Innovate Programme

  • 3-month corporate acceleration programme for energy startups
  • cash prize grant of upto ₹ 5 Lakh per startup along with an opportunity to pilot their product with corporates.

Scheme for IPR awareness

  • A ‘Scheme for IPR awareness – Creative India; Innovative India’ has been launched by Cell for IPR Promotion and Management (CIPAM).
  • It aims at raising IPR awareness amongst students, youth, authors, artists, budding inventors and professionals to inspire them to create, innovate and protect their creations and inventions across the country.
  • Area of Coverage of the scheme – Pan India: Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 3 cities as well as rural areas.
  • Total project Duration – 3 years (2017 – 2020).
  • CIPAM – professional body under the aegis of Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion.
  • It works to take forward the implementation of the National IPR policy and creates public awareness about IPR in the country.


Niryat Bandhu Scheme

  • objective -to reach out to the new and potential exporters and mentor them to get into international trade and boost exports from India



Make II Scheme

  • corresponds to Make in India initiative in Defence production.
  • Make Scheme fosters indigenous capabilities through design & development of required defence equipment/product/upgrades by both public and private sector industry in a faster time frame.
  • Government-funded and the projects under Make-I‘ sub-category will involve Government funding of 90%.
  • Industry-funded and the projects involve development of products/equipment for which no government funding will be provided for development purposes.


Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti

  • launched to provide a boost to the IPR culture in indigenous defence industry.
  • aims at educating scientists and technologists in defence public sector undertakings and ordnance factories OFs to create more patents.
  • A target has been set to train approximately 10,000 persons of OFs and DPSUs on IPR
  • The Directorate General of Quality Assurance (DGQA) – responsibility of coordinating and implementing the programme.



North East Rural Livelihood Project

  • a central Sector scheme externally aided by World Bank and implemented in four North Eastern States namely Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura.
  • objective is to improve livelihoods of the poor, especially that of women and the disadvantaged people in the project area.
  • The identification of Districts for the project was done by the State Governments based on social and economic backwardness.
  • supported by World Bank.
  • Desired Outcomes –
    1. Making the SHGs promoted and supported by the project sustainable,
    2. Increasing the income level of the members of the SHGs (at least 60% of them) and disadvantaged households by 30% in real term
  • Providing jobs or self employment to the unemployed youths through various skill trainings, entrepreneurship development trainings, vocational trainings and management development trainings.
  • The more vulnerable tribal groups like Reang in Tripura and Lepsha and Bhutias in Sikkim will also benefit from it


North East Special Infrastructure Development Scheme

  • to fill up the gaps in creation of infrastructure in specified sectors till March, 2020.
  • a central sector scheme which will be funded 100% by the Central Government.


  1. Physical infrastructure relating to water supply, power, connectivity and specially the projects promoting tourism
  2. Infrastructure of social sectors of education and health.
  • Thus it will not only strengthen health care and education facilities in the region but will also encourage tourism and employment opportunities for local youth.


Non-Lapsable Central Pool of Resources

  • the accrual of the unspent balance of the mandatory 10% budgetary allocation of the Ministries/Departments.
  • broad objectives of the NLCPR Scheme :to ensure speedy development of infrastructure in North eastern states and Sikkim by way of filling the existing infrastructural gaps in the region by making funds available from the pool.
  • utilized by the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region under the two Schemes of NLCPR (State) and NLCPR-Central.
  • Under the NLCPR (State) Scheme, priority projects of North Eastern States are being funded and under NLCPR-Central Scheme, funds are provided to Central Ministries for implementing projects of national and regional importance.
  • Recently, cabinet has approved NLCPR scheme till March, 2020 with funding pattern of 90:10.



GOBAR-Dhan Yojana  Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan

  • focus on managing and converting cattle dung and solid waste in farms to compost, biogas and bio-CNG.
  • help in keeping the village clean while increasing the income of farmers and cattle herders.
  • Under it, villagers will be mobilized to create self-help groups (SHGs) and creative societies that will help in clean energy and green jobs initiative.
  • Under this scheme, one village in every district of the country would be selected


Swajal Yojana

  • launched in 115 aspirational districts in the country.
  • a community owned drinking water programme – powered by solar energy.
  • train hundreds of rural technicians for operation and maintenance of Swajal units
  • Under the scheme, 90% of the project cost will be taken care by the Government and the remaining 10% of the project cost will be contributed by the community.
  • Operations and management of the project will be taken care of by the local villagers.


Jal Mani Programme

  • launched to provide value and quality addition to the ongoing Rural Drinking Water Supply Programme to mainly address the water quality in rural areas.
  • involves installation of Stand Alone Purification System in rural Schools.
  • implemented by the State Governments through the Gram Panchayat/Village Water and Sanitation Committees/Self Help Groups.


 Har Ghar Jal

  • refers to the government‗s commitment to provide safe tap water on a sustained basis in every household by 2030 as per the United Nations sustainable development goals.
  • also focuses on accomplishing mission of providing safe drinking water to about 28,000 habitations affected by arsenic and fluoride contaminations in the country by 2021.


Swachhathon 1.0

  • the first ever Swachh Bharat Hackathon, was organized to crowd source solutions to some of the Sanitation and Hygiene challenges faced in various parts of the country.
  • It invited innovators from schools and colleges, institutions, start-ups and others to come up with solutions for problems like monitoring usage of toilets, triggering behaviour change, Solution for early decomposition of faecal matter, toilet technologies in difficult terrains etc.


Swachh Iconic Place

  • Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple in Madurai : the best Swachh Iconic Place‘ (clean place) in India.
  • special clean-up initiative focused on select iconic heritage, spiritual and cultural places
  • coordinated by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (nodal ministry) + the Ministry of Urban Development, Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Tourism and the concerned State governments


Ganga Gram

  • a project for sanitation based integrated development of all 4470 villages along the River Ganga.
  • include rural sanitation, development of water bodies and river ghats, construction/ modernization of crematoria, etc.
  • These works are done in coordination with NMCG (National Mission for Clean Ganga).

Swachh Bharat Mission


  1. Elimination of open defecation
  2. Eradication of Manual Scavenging
  3. Modern and Scientific Municipal Solid Waste Management
  4. To effect behavioral change regarding healthy sanitation practices
  5. Generate awareness about sanitation and its linkage with public health
  6. Capacity Augmentation for ULB‘s
  7. Creating an enabling environment for private sector participation.


  1. Household toilets, including conversion of insanitary latrines into pour-flush latrines;
  2. Community toilets
  3. Public toilets
  4. Solid waste management
  5. Public Awareness and IEC (Information, Education and Communication).
  • Implementation – Behaviour change is the primary focus and fundamental tool for achievement of ODF outcomes.
  • This is carried out through the Ministry’s focused Information, Education and Communication (IEC) programme.
  • It also promotes gender sensitive information, behaviour change guidelines and various mass education activities.
  • Funding – States will contribute a minimum of 25% funds towards all components to match 75% Central Share. This will be 10% in the case of North East and special category States.


Swachh Manch

  • a web-based platform which aims to bring together every stakeholder contributing to the Swachh Bharat Mission under a common platform.
  • allow stakeholders to create/invite/participate in volunteering opportunities around neighborhoods.
  • enable uploads of pictorial evidence of citizens and organizations participating in the initiatives as acknowledgement of their efforts and contributions to the cause of swachhata‘.
  • integrated with the existing Swachhata App to act as a citizens‘ grievance redressal platform.
  • launched as part of Swachh Survekshan 2019.


SBM ODF Plus and ODF Plus Plus Protocol

  • Under the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban), urban areas of 18 states, and a total of 3,223 cities have become Open Defecation Free (ODF) , and 2,712 cities among them have been certified as ODF through an independent third party.
  • The SBM ODF Plus (ODF+) protocol focuses on sustaining community/ pubic toilet usage by ensuring their functionality, cleanliness and maintenance.
  • The SBM ODF Plus Plus (ODF ++) will focus on achieving sanitation sustainability by addressing complete sanitation value chain, including safe containment, processing and disposal of fecal sludge and septage.



Atal Pension Yojana

  • coverage under the then existing Swavalamban Scheme was inadequate – To address this concern, the Government announced a initiative called Atal Pension Yojana (APY)
  • Under the APY, the subscribers would receive the fixed pension ranging from Rs. 1000 – Rs. 5000 per month, at the age of 60 years, depending on their contributions.
  • focuses on all citizens in the unorganised sector, who join the National Pension System (NPS) administered by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA).
  • open to all bank account holders who are not members of any statutory social security scheme.
  • mainly targets on unorganised sector workers.
  • age of joining APY is 18 years to 40 years. Therefore, minimum period of contribution by the subscriber under APY would be 20 years or more.
  • The Central Government would also co-contribute 50% of the subscriber‘s contribution or Rs. 1000 per annum, whichever is lower for a period of 5 years upto 2020.
  • The same pension would be paid to the spouse of the subscriber and on the demise of both the subscriber and spouse, the accumulated pension wealth is returned to the nominee.
  • The scheme follows the same investment pattern as applicable to the NPS contribution of Central Govt employees.
  • opened through banks, Postal department and also through eNPS platform.


Project Shaksham

  • for creation of a New Indirect Tax Network (System Integration) of the Central Board of Excise and Customs.
  • The project will help in
  1. Implementation of Goods and Services Tax (GST),
  2. Extension of the Indian Customs Single Window Interface for Facilitating Trade (SWIFT) and
  3. Other taxpayer-friendly initiatives under Digital India and Ease of Doing Business of Central Board of Excise and Customs



  • It is the scheme for the socio-economic empowerment of Adolescent Girls and Young women.
  • It seeks to empower the adolescent girls with basic life skills and thereafter provide further opportunities to acquire market driven skill training or completion of secondary education.
  • It has 3 main components – (i) Expanding social, educational and economic opportunities (ii) improve livelihood opportunities by developing participants’ skills (iii) Strengthens women‗s participation in local governance.
  • Recently, India signed financing agreement with World Bank for funding of this scheme
Scheme Eligible Age Benefits Premium
Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMJJBY) 18-70 years Risk Coverage of Rs. 2 lakh for accidental death and permanent total disability and Rs. 1 lakh for permanent partial disability. Rs.12/annum
Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY) 18-50 years A Life cover (Coverage for death) of Rs.2 lakhs. Rs. 330/annum/member (Renewable every year)
AamAdmiBima Yojana (AABY) 18-59 years Death and Disability cover with varying amounts (Rs.30,000 – Rs. 75,000) Rs. 200/- per beneficiary of which 50% is contributed by the Central Government.
Atal Pension Yojana (APY) 18-40 years Fixed pension ranging from Rs. 1000 – Rs. 5000 per month, at the age of 60 years, depending on their contributions. Varying Premiums. Central government co-contribute 50% of the subscriber‘s contribution or Rs.1000/annum, whichever is lower for a period of 5 years upto 2020.
National Pension Scheme 18-65 years Pension based on the contribution from Employee and the employer Based up on the salary of the subscriber.
Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana 60 years & above Assured Pension at the rate of 9% per annum on the investment made. Beneficiary can invest any amount.
Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana (PMVVY) 60 years & above Assured return of 8% per annum for 10 years on the investment made. The investment limit is Rs.15 lakh per senior citizen


Swachh Bharat Kosh

  • set up to attract Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) funds from Corporate Sector an
  • contributions from individuals and philanthropists to achieve the objective of Clean India by the year 2019.



Operation Muskaan/Operation Smile

  • The main aim of the programme is to prevent child trafficking and rescue children from persons who try to engage them in begging, sexual trade and other antisocial activities.
  • Specially trained police teams would screen all children residing in shelter homes, railway platforms, bus stands, roads and religious places



Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana

  • Central Sector Scheme that aims to supplement agriculture, modernize processing and decrease Agriculture waste.
  • previously known as Scheme for Agro-Marine Processing and Development of Agro-Processing Clusters (SAMPADA).
  • implemented in 2016-20, and the implementation will result in creation of modern infrastructure, growth of food processing sector and providing better prices to the farmers.
  • The following schemes will be implemented under it
  1. Mega Food Parks
  2. Integrated Cold Chain and Value Addition Infrastructure
  3. Creation/ Expansion of Food Processing/ Preservation Capacities (Unit Scheme)
  4. Infrastructure for Agro-processing Clusters
  5. Creation of Backward and Forward Linkages
  6. Food Safety and Quality Assurance Infrastructure
  7. Human Resources and Institutions

Operation Greens

  • launched on the lines of Operation Flood.
  • The idea behind Operation Greens is to double the income of farmers by end of 2022.
  • aims to promote farmer producers organizations, agri-logistics, processing facilities and professional management.
  • essentially a price fixation scheme that aims to ensure farmers are given the right price for their produce.
  • The main objective of the project is to reduce price volatility in agriculture commodities such as vegetables
  • Initially, Government has decided to start focusing on three basic vegetables namely tomatoes, onions and potatoes.
  • NAFED will be the Nodal Agency to implement price stabilisation measures



Ayushman Bharat Programme

  • a national initiative launched in order to achieve the vision of Universal Health Coverage
  • It comprises of two inter-related components
  1. Establishment of Health and Wellness Centre
  2. Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY)

Health and Wellness Centre

  • 5 lakh centres -provide comprehensive health care, including for non-communicable diseases and maternal and child health services
  • also provide free essential drugs and diagnostic services.
  • First ‘health and wellness centre’ has been inaugurated in Bijapur district in Chhattisgarh.
  • Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY) – It aims to reduce out of pocket hospitalisation expenses by providing health insurance coverage upto Rs.5 lakh/family/year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization.

Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY)

  • a centrally sponsored health insurance scheme with a main objective of this scheme is to
  • Provide financial protection against catastrophic health costs
  • Improve access to quality health care for BPL and other vulnerable groups
  • The premium cost is shared by Centre and the State.
  • The beneficiaries are entitled to hospitalization coverage up to Rs. 30,000/- per annum on family floater basis i.e can be utilised by any family member.
  • extends to maximum 5 members of the family which includes the head of household, spouse and up to three dependents including the provision to pay transport expense.
  • The beneficiaries need to pay only Rs. 30 as registration fee.
  • Beneficiaries get a biometric-enabled smart card containing their fingerprints and photographs and this Single central smart card also to include other welfare schemes like Aam Aadmi Bima Yojana and national old age pension scheme.
  • To ensure that nobody from the vulnerable group is left out of the benefit cover, there will be no cap on family size and age in the scheme.
  • The insurance scheme will cover pre and post-hospitalisation expenses.
  • All pre-existing diseases are also covered.
  • It will also pay defined transport allowance per hospitalization to the beneficiary.

Funding –

  • 60:40 for all states and UTs with their own legislature. 2. 90:10 in NE states and the 3 Himalayan states of J&K, HP and Uttarakhand. 3. 100% central funding for UTs without legislature.
  • The State governments have the main responsibility of health service delivery.
  • States will be allowed to expand the scheme both horizontally and vertically.
  • Mode of funding – In a trust model, bills are reimbursed directly by the government.
  • Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Sikkim and Chandigarh are the states that will use a trust model for the mission.
  • In an insurance model, the government pays a fixed premium to an insurance company, which pays the hospitals.
  • Gujarat and Tamil Nadu have opted for mixed mode implementation.
  • The scheme is creating a cadre of certified frontline health service professionals called Pradhan Mantri Aarogya Mitras (PMAMs).
  • PMAM will be primary point of facilitation for the beneficiaries to avail treatment at the hospital and thus, act as a support system to streamline health service delivery.
  • Besides, 24 new Government Medical Colleges and Hospitals will be set up, by up-grading existing district hospitals in the country.
  • This would ensure that there is at least 1 Medical College for every 3 Parliamentary Constituencies.
  • Also, at least 1 Government Medical College in each State of the country.
  • The scheme will integrate two ongoing centrally sponsored schemes Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) and Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme (SCHIS).
  • Coverage – The scheme will aim to target over 10 crore families based on SECC (Socio-Economic Caste Census) database


National Health Mission

  • The broad objectives of National Health Mission includes the following
  1. Reduce MMR to 1/1000 live births
  2. Reduce IMR to 25/1000 live births
  3. Reduce TFR to 2.1
  4. Prevention and reduction of anaemia in women aged 15–49 years
  5. Prevent and reduce mortality & morbidity from communicable, non- communicable; injuries and emerging diseases
  6. Reduce household out-of-pocket expenditure on total health care expenditure
  7. Reduce annual incidence and mortality from Tuberculosis by half
  8. Reduce prevalence of Leprosy to <1/10000 population and incidence to zero in all districts
  9. Annual Malaria Incidence to be <1/1000
  10. Less than 1 per cent microfilaria prevalence in all districts
  11. Kala-azar Elimination by 2015, <1 case per 10000 population in all blocks
  • The Mission has two sub missions such as National Rural Health Mission and National Urban Health Mission.
  • Public health being a state subject, the aim is to support States/UTs through NHM, for strengthening their health care delivery systems


Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan

  • The program aims to provide assured, comprehensive and quality antenatal care, free of cost, universally to all pregnant women on the 9th of every month.
  • It guarantees a minimum package of antenatal care services to women in their 2nd/3rd trimesters of pregnancy at designated government health facilities.
  • The health check-up includes a minimum package of prenatal care/antenatal care services i.e care given during pregnancy and medicines such as IFA supplements, calcium supplements etc would be provided to all pregnant women.
  • The programme follows a systematic approach for engagement with private sector which includes motivating private practitioners to volunteer for the campaign.
  • It also laid special emphasis on early diagnosis, adequate and appropriate management of women with malnutrition and adolescent and early pregnancies as these pregnancies need extra and specialized care.
  • Thus it aims to improve the quality and coverage of Antenatal Care (ANC) including diagnostics and counselling services as part of the Reproductive Maternal Neonatal Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A) Strategy.


 Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana

  • It is a central sector scheme aims to correct regional imbalances in the availability of affordable/ reliable tertiary healthcare services and also to augment facilities for quality medical education in the country.
  • It has two components
  1. Setting up of AIIMS like institutions and
  2. Upgradation of Government medical college institutions.


 Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi

  • RAN aims to provide financial assistance to BPL patients, who are suffering from major life threatening diseases, to receive medical treatment at any of the 13 listed super specialty institutes or government hospitals.
  • The central government/state government/PSU employees are not eligible.
  • The financial assistance to such patients is provided in the form of ‗one-time grant‘, which is released to the Medical Superintendent of the Hospital in which the treatment has is being received.
  • The States are needed to create their own State Illness Assistance funds in which central government contribute 50% of the fund and the fund is granted to Medical superintendent for treatment.
  • The State government can grant up to Rs. 1.5 lakh in each individual case in their state and forward the cases that exceed Rs.1.5 lakh to RAN headquarters.
  • A ―Revolving Fund‖ has been set up in 13 Central Government hospitals/institutes.
  • These hospitals can sanction financial assistance up to Rs.5 lakh, but beyond Rs.5 lakh it has to be referred to RAN headquarters.


Universal Immunization Programme

  • The UIP basket has vaccines for ten diseases i.e
  1. BCG for TB, OPV for poliomyelitis,
  2. monovalent measles vaccine for measles,
  3. Rota Virus vaccine for Diarrhoea,
  4. JEV for Japanese Encephalitis &
  5. Pentavalent Vaccine for DPT (diphtheria, pertussis e whooping cough & tetanus) and
  6. Vaccine for Hepatitis B & Pneumonia due to Hib.
  7. Measles-rubella vaccine (MR) is also added now to the UIP
  • India has set a target of eliminating measles and controlling congenital rubella syndrome (CRS), caused by the rubella virus, by 2020.


National Strategic Plan and Mission Sampark

  • They were launched on the occasion of World AIDS Day, 2017.
  • The National Strategic Plan on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI), 2017-24 was released.
  • The plan will pave a roadmap not only for achieving the target of 90:90:90 but also strive along with partners towards fast track strategy of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.
  • By 2020, 90% of all people living with HIV will know their HIV status. By 2020, 90% of all people with diagnosed HIV infection will receive sustained antiretroviral therapy. By 2020, 90% of all people receiving antiretroviral therapy will have viral suppression.
  • The strategic plan is aimed at eradicating HIV/AIDS by 2030.
  • It also aimed to achieve elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and Syphilis as well as elimination of HIV/AIDS related stigma and discrimination by 2020.
  • The ―Mission Sampark‖ was launched to bring People Living with HIV who has left treatment back to Anti Retro Viral Treatment (ART).


Electronic Vaccine Intelligence Network (eVIN)

  • an indigenously developed technology system in India that digitizes vaccine stocks and monitors the temperature of the cold chain through a smartphone application.
  • eVIN aims to support the Government of India‘s Universal Immunization Programme by providing real-time information on vaccine stocks and flows, and storage temperatures across all cold chain points in these states.
  • technological innovation is implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
  • It aims to strengthen the evidence base for improved policy-making in vaccine delivery, procurement and planning for new antigens in India.


Mission Parivar Vikas

  • launched on the occasion of World Population Day to accelerate access to high quality family planning.
  • focuses on family planning initiatives and targeted approaches for population stabilisation through better services delivery approach.
  • It will focus on 146 high fertility districts in 7 states with high TFR (Total Fertility Rate).
  • A new program named ―Antara was launched under this mission.
  • Under this, an injectable hormonal contraceptive method for women that prevents pregnancy for 3 months.


Project Sunrise

  • to tackle the increasing HIV prevalence in the eight North-Eastern states.
  • aims to diagnose 90% of such drug addicts with HIV and put them under treatment at free of cost, by 2020.
  • implemented in addition to the existing projects of the National AIDS Control Organization (NACO).
  • sponsored by US based Centre for Disease Control and would be implemented by Family Health International 360.


National Ayush Mission

  • It is a centrally sponsored scheme with implementation period till 2020.

Objectives –

  1. To provide cost effective and equitable AYUSH health care.
  2. To revitalize and strengthen the AYUSH systems
  3. To improve educational institutions capable of imparting quality AYUSH education
  4. To promote the adoption of Quality standards of AYUSH drugs and making available the sustained supply of AYUSH raw-materials.
  • Beneficiaries – Patients due to low cost medicine and increased access.
  • Mandatory Components of the Mission (80% of the Resource pool)
  1. AYUSH Services
  2. Ayush Educational institutions
  3. Quality control of ASU &H Drugs
  4. Medicinal Plants
  • The resource allocation to the States/UTs is proposed on the basis of population, backwardness and performance of the State/UT.
  • Dedicated MIS monitoring and evaluation cell would be established at Centre/State level.
  • Grant-in Aid will be transferred through treasury route to State Governments which in turn will transfer the funds to the State AYUSH Society along with State Share.


Swasthya Raksha Programme

  • It is launched to promote health and health education in villages.

Objectives –

  1. To organize Health/Hygiene awareness programme
  2. Awareness about cleanliness of domestic surroundings and environment.
  • Provide medical aid/incidental support in the adopted Colonies/villages.
  1. Documentation of demographic information, food habits, hygiene conditions, seasons, lifestyle etc.,
  2. Assessment of health status and propagation of Ayurvedic concept of pathya-apathya
  • The food which is beneficial and nutritional to the body and also gives the happiness to the mind is known as Pathya and opposite to that is known as Apathya.

Mission Madhumeha

  • The mission was launched to provide cost-effective treatment and control of non-communicable disease of Diabetes through Ayurveda and is implemented through a specially designed National Treatment Protocol.



FAME India Scheme Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles

  • objective is to support hybrid/electric vehicles market development and Manufacturing eco-system.
  • extended upto 31st March, 2019 or till Notification of FAME-II.
  • In phase II, the government is targeting a fully (100%) electric fleet for public transport, including buses, taxis and auto-rickshaws.
  • At present, there are no plans to subsidize expensive battery components of electric vehicles in the Department of Heavy Industry, Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises.
  • However, R&D projects and EV technologies, including for battery development, are being supported under the Scheme.
  • At present, the incentive is being offered on purchase of strong hybrid and electric cars, two-wheelers and three-wheelers.




Housing for All (URBAN)

  • envisions Housing for All by 2022 and it subsumed Rajiv Awas yojana and Rajiv Rinn Yojana.
  • It seeks to address the housing requirement of urban poor including slum dwellers through following programme
  • Central assistance to Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) and other implementing agencies for Slum rehabilitation with participation of private developers.
  • Promotion of Affordable Housing for weaker section through Credit Linked Subsidy
  • Affordable Housing in Partnership with Public & Private sectors
  • Subsidy for beneficiary-led individual house construction
  • Centre and state will be funding in the ratio of 75:25 and in case of North Eastern and special category States in the ratio of 90:10.
  • Beneficiaries – Urban poor who does not own a pucca house, Economically Weaker Section (EWS) and Lower Income Groups (LIG – eligible only for credit linked subsidy scheme).
  • States/UTs have flexibility to redefine the annual income criteria with the approval of Ministry.
  • Under the mission, a beneficiary can avail of benefit of one component only.
  • HUDCO and NHB have been identified as Central Nodal Agencies (CNAs) to channelize this subsidy to the lending institutions.
  • Credit Linked Subsidy – It is an interest subsidy available to a loan amounts uptoRs 6 lakhs at the rate of 6.5 % for tenure of 20 years or during tenure of loan whichever is lower.
  • The houses will be allocated preferably in the name of Women in the family.
  • Rajiv Awas Yojana – It envisages a ―Slum Free India” with inclusive and equitable cities in which every citizen has access to basic civic infrastructure and social amenities and decent shelter.
  • Rajiv Rinn Yojana – Rajiv RinnYojana (RRY) is an instrument to address the housing needs of the EWS/LIG segments in urban areas, through enhanced credit flow.



  • Portal for Affordable Credit and Interest Subvention Access is a centralized electronic web platform for processing interest subvention on bank loans to beneficiaries under DAY-NULM.
  • Allahabad Bank is the nodal bank for this portal.
  • It enables the government to connect directly with the beneficiaries and ensuring greater transparency and efficiency in delivery of services.
  • All the States & UTs, all SCBs, RRBs and Cooperative Banks are expected to deploy this portal.


Smart Cities

  • objective : to promote sustainable and inclusive cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens, a clean and sustainable environment and application of Smart‘ Solutions.
  • creating a replicable model which are meant to set examples that can be replicated both within and outside the Smart City, catalyzing the creation of similar Smart Cities in various regions and parts of the country.

Core infrastructure elements

  1. Water Supply
  2. Assured electricity supply
  3. Sanitation, including solid waste management
  4. Efficient urban mobility and public transport
  5. Affordable housing, especially for the poor
  6. Robust IT connectivity and digitalization
  7. Good governance, especially e-Governance and citizen participation
  8. Sustainable environment
  9. Safety and security of citizens, particularly women, children and the elderly
  10. Health and education.

Components of Smart Cities Mission

  1. City improvement (Retrofitting),
  2. City renewal (Redevelopment),
  3. City extension plus a Pan-city initiative in which Smart Solutions are applied covering larger parts of the city.
  • Approach – Area-based development.
  • Selection Process–Each state will get at least one smart city.
  • Each aspiring city competes for selection as a smart city in what is called a City Challenge‘.
  • The 100 such potential smart cities
  • Implementation –By Special Purpose Vehicles (SPV) which will be promoted by the State/UT and the Urban Local Body (ULB) jointly both having 50:50 equity shareholding.



  • National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) is focused on holistic development of heritage cities.
  • to preserve character of the soul of heritage city and facilitate inclusive heritage linked urban development in partnership with State Government
  • The duration of HRIDAY schemes would be Four Years starting from December 2014
  • central sector scheme with broadly focus on four theme areas e. Physical Infrastructure, Institutional Infrastructure, Economic Infrastructure & Social Infrastructure for reviving and revitalizing the soul of Heritage City.
  • funded directly or through support from other stakeholders including private sector.
  • Coverage (12 Cities) – Ajmer, Amravati, Amritsar, Badami, Dwarka, Gaya, Kanchipuram, Mathura,Puri, Varanasi, Velankanni, Warangal.
  • It supports development of core heritage infrastructure projects that include revitalization of urban infrastructure for areas around heritage assets.




  • Revitalising Infrastructure and Systems in Education (RISE) – to revitalize the infrastructure of higher educational institutions with a total investment of one lakh crore in the upcoming 4 years.
  • provide low cost funds to all government higher educational institutions to promote higher education.
  • cover all centrally-funded institutes (CFIs) including central universities, IITs, IIMs, NITs and IISERs.
  • financed via a restructured ―Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) that has been constituted as a non-bank finance company. .



  • set up by central govt. as Section 8 company (company having charitable objectives) in 2017.
  • mobilize funds in market and will provide 10 year loans to all centrally-run institutes.
  • For the mobilization of corpus of Rs. 1 lakh crore, central govt. will provide Rs. 8,500 crore.
  • Canara Bank will bear the remaining amount as a partner for setting up of HEFA.
  • Target – All the projects sanctioned by HEFA are to get completed before 2022.
  • It will directly release the sanctioned amount to vendors or contractors only after the certification of executing agency and educational institution.
  • CFIs will have to repay the borrowed amount (loans) in a time frame of over 10 years.



  • Impactful Policy Research in Social Science (IMPRESS) has been launched to promote policy research in social science.
  • The objective is to identify and fund research proposals in social sciences with maximum impact on the governance and society.funded for 2 years.
  • The Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) has been entrusted with the task of implementing and monitoring the scheme.
  • Some of the identified domains under the scheme are – State and democracy, Urban transformation, Media culture and society, Employment skills and rural transformation, Governance innovation and public policy, innovation, Agriculture and rural development, Social media and society, Politics law and economics.


SPARC Scheme

  • A webportal for the Scheme for Promotion of Academic and Research Collaboration (SPARC) was recently launched for promotion of academic and research collaboration.
  • The quality benchmark for SPARC is that only such Indian institutes can apply which are in top 100 NIRF ranking or top 100 NIRF subject ranking.
  • For foreign universities the benchmark is either top 500 of QS ranking or top 200 of QS subject ranking.
  • IIT-Khargapur is the national Coordinating Institute to implement the SPARC programme.


LEAP Initiative

  • Leadership for Academicians Programme (LEAP) is a flagship leadership development training programme.
  • objective is mainly to train academic heads, who are likely to assume leadership roles in the future.
  • Its focus group is second level academic functionaries in public funded higher education institutions.
  • It would include both domestic and foreign training in managerial skills such as problem-solving, handling stress, team building work, conflict management, developing communication skills etc.
  • implementation will be through top ranked universities and top 100 global ranked foreign universities.


ARPIT initiative

  • Annual Refresher Programme in Teaching (ARPIT) is a unique initiative of online professional development of 15 lakh higher education faculty using the MOOCs platform SWAYAM.
  • National Resource Centres (NRC) will be identified to prepare online training material.
  • NRC will be in a mixed range of institutions such as, Central Universities, IISc, IUCAA, IITs, IISERs, NITs, IGNOU, State Universities, UGC‘s Human Resource Development Centres (HRDCs) and National Institutes for Technical Teachers Training.
  • focus on latest developments in the discipline, new & emerging trends, pedagogical improvements and methodologies for transacting revised curriculum.
  • SWAYAM – Study Webs of Active learning for Young Aspiring Minds is a Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) platform launched to offer various online courses for school education and higher education.


Pradhan Mantri Vidya Lakshmi Karyakram

  • aims to provide a fully IT based Student Financial Aid Authority to administer and monitor Scholarship as well Educational Loan Schemes.
  • Accordingly, Vidya Lakshmi Portal, a first of its kind portal for students seeking education load was set up.
  • It provides single window electronic platform for students to access information and prepares applications for Educational Loans and Government Scholarships.
  • developed under the guidance of Department of Financial Services, (Ministry of Finance), Department of Higher Education (Ministry of Human Resource Development) and Indian Banks Association (IBA).
  • The portal has been developed and being maintained by NSDL e-Governance Infrastructure Limited.
  • The portal also provides linkages to National Scholarship Portal.


NSDL e-Gov

  • It works closely with various Government agencies for designing, managing and implementing e-Governance Projects.
  • It has been appointed as a Registrar of Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI)


BHUVAN – RUSA PORTAL – The National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) of ISRO has developed a mobile application for uploading geo-tagged photographs and associated details captured by the educational institutions in this portal as part of the implementation of RUSA.



  • Study Webs of Active Learning For Young Aspiring Minds is an indigenous IT platform for hosting the Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs).
  • This is done through an indigenous developed IT platform that facilitates hosting of all the courses, taught in classrooms from 9th class till post-graduation to be accessed by anyone, anywhere at any time.
  • It shall also cover Skill based courses, which cover both post-higher secondary school skills that are presently the domain of polytechnics as well as industrial skills certified by the sector skill councils.
  • Professors of centrally funded institutions like IITs, IIMs, central universities will offer online courses.
  • It was indigenously developed by All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) with the help of Microsoft.


Swayam Prabha

  • The Swayam Prabha is a group of 32 DTH channels devoted to telecasting of high-quality educational programmes on 24X7 basis using the GSAT-15 satellite.
  • The channels cover higher education, school education and assist the students (class 11th & 12th) prepare for competitive exams.
  • Information and Library Network (INFLIBNET), an autonomous Inter-University Centre (IUC) of UGC maintains the web portal.
  • INFLIBNET is involved in creating infrastructure for sharing of library and information resources and services among Academic and Research Institutions.
  • It widens the scope of SWAYAM and Channels for telecasting educational programmes dedicated to teacher training are also available.


National Testing Agency

  • Union Cabinet has recently approved creation of National Testing Agency (NTA) to conduct entrance examinations for higher educational institutions.
  • It will be registered as a society under the Indian Societies Registration Act.
  • It will act an autonomous and self-sustained premier testing organization chaired by eminent educationist appointed by Ministry of HRD.
  • It would conduct those entrance examinations which are currently being conducted by the CBSE (NEET, JEE), AICTE etc, thereby relieving them of this responsibility.
  • The entrance examinations will be conducted in online mode at least twice a year, giving adequate opportunity to candidates.
  • It will be given a one-time grant of Rs.25 crore from the Government to start its operation in the first year. Thereafter, it will be financially self-sustainable.


Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan

SSA – It is aimed at the universalisation of elementary education as mandated by the 86th Amendment to the Constitution of India which made free and compulsory education to children between the ages of 6 to 14 as a fundamental right. Initiatives and Sub-Programmes under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)

  • Shagun Portal – It has two components i.e Repository of best practices to learn from success stories & Online Monitoring of the SSA implemented by States and UTs
  • Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat – To improve the reading and writing skills of children in classes I and II, along with their mathematics skills.
  • Rashtriya Avishkar Abhiyan (RAA) – It aims to motivate and engage children of the age group of 6-18 years, in Science, Mathematics and Technology by Institutions of Higher Education like IIT’s, NIT’s etc.
  • Vidyanjali – To enhance community and private sector involvement in Government run elementary schools

Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan

  • It is a centrally sponsored scheme with the objective to enhance access to secondary education.

Initiatives under RMSA

  1. Shaala Siddhi – It is a web portal developed by the National University of Educational Planning and Administration (NUEPA) to enable schools to evaluate their performance in 7 key domains under the prescribed framework.
  2. Shaala Darpan – It is an e-Governance platform that covers all the Kendriya Vidyalayas, to improve quality of learning, efficiency of school administration, governance of schools & service delivery.
  3. e-PATHSHALA – It is a joint initiative of HRD, National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) to disseminate all educational e-resources including textbooks, audio, video and non-print materials.
  4. Kala utsav – To promote Arts (Music, Theatre, Dance, Visual Arts and Crafts) in education in secondary stage of the education to bring art in an inclusive environment.
  5. Seema Darshan –It is an intiative by HRD in collaboration with Ministry of Defence and Ministry of Home Affairs for the students of KendriyaVidyalayas and NavodayaVidyalayas to provide an opportunity for the children to experience the border environment and to foster patriotism among the students.


Shaala Sarathi

  • It is a State-NGO-CSR Portal to aid the collaboration among the stakeholders in sharing innovative practices in various schools.
  • Shaala Siddhi is a comprehensive school evaluation system focused on well-defined quality based parameters that facilitates Schools to make professional judgments for improvement.


Vittiya Saksharata Abhiyan

  • VISAKA is a financial literacy campaign.
  • It is to actively engage the students of Higher Education Institutions to encourage them to use a digitally enabled cashless economic system for transfer of funds.
  • Ministry of HRD also aims to make financial transactions completely digital in all higher education institutions.


Ishan Uday and Ishan Vikas

  • It is a Scholarships scheme for undergraduates from northeast.
  • Under the scheme ten thousand fresh scholarships are to be provided for general degree course, technical and professional courses including medical and para-medical courses and will be given through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) to the beneficiary student

IshanVikas – Select students from northeast to be taken to IITs, NITs etc. for internships/ exposure


Diksha Portal

  • Ministry of HRD and National Council for Teacher Education collaborated to build Diksha portal.
  • DIKSHA will serve as National Digital Infrastructure for Teachers.
  • It will enable all teachers across nation to be equipped with advanced digital technology.
  • It will aid teachers to learn and train themselves for which assessment resources will be available.
  • It will help teachers to create training content, profile, in-class resources, assessment aids, news and announcement and connect with teacher community.
  • States, government bodies and even private organisations, can integrate DIKSHA into their respective teacher initiatives.


  • It is a student- scientist connect programme by Ministry of HRD and Ministry of S&T.
  • It focuses on connecting school students and scientists so as to extend student‘s classroom learning to research laboratory based learning by visiting CSIR laboratories and by participating in mini-science projects.
  • CSIR and Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS) are collaborating to implement this programme.

Maitreyi Yatra

  • It is an exclusive student exchange programme for J&K organized by Ministry of Human Resource development.
  • It provides a good opportunity for the youth of J&K to be acquainted with culture, language and development story of different parts of the country.




  • Platform for Effective Enforcement for No Child Labour is an electronic platform for no child labour developed by the Labour Ministry
  • The portal creates a robust implementing and monitoring mechanism for enforcement of the legislative provisions of National Child Labour Policy (NCLP).
  • This online portal aims to connect the Centre to the state government, district and to all project societies for effective implementation of NCLP.
  • The portal has a component of child tracking system.


Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana

  • It is to promote/incentivize employment generation.
  • Central Government will be paying the 8.33% EPS contribution of the employer for the new employment.
  • All industries registered with Employees’ Provident Fund Organization (EPFO) can apply for availing benefits under the scheme.
  • It is targeted for employees earning wages less than Rs. 15,000/- per month.
  • The scheme will be in operation for a period of 3 years and GOI will continue to pay and all new eligible employees will be covered till 2019-20.




  • A Scheme for Promotion of Innovation, Rural Industry & Entrepreneurship (ASPIRE) -set up a network of technology centers, incubation centres to promote start-ups
  • The planned outcomes of ASPIRE are setting up Technology Business Incubators (TBI), Livelihood Business Incubators (LBI) and creation of a Fund of Funds for such initiatives with SIDBI.

‘Udyami Mitra’ Portal

  • Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) has revamped its Udyami Mitra with enhanced features.
  • The portal was launched to improve accessibility of credit for the MSMEs.
  • It helps MSMEs for submission of loan applications which can be picked up by multiple lenders.
  • It aims at bringing in transparency in processing of loans by the banks.
  • Now non-banking finance companies and small finance banks are being on-boarded on the platform for enhancing flow of credit to MSMEs.
  • Under the new capitalisation plan banks will have to compete for loans through the revamped portal.


Mission Sampark – It is a digital platform wherein, jobseekers (passed out trainees / students of 18 MSME Technology Centres) and recruiters (various reputed national & multinational companies) register themselves for getting employment and getting right kind of manpower respectively.

  • MSME Sampark portal will act as a bridge between the talent pool and those enterprises seeking trained man power



  • Sudoor Drishti – It is a project launched by the Indian Bureau of Mines in collaboration with National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) and Department of Space for monitoring of Mining activity through satellite.
  • Bhuvan based services will be used for the monitoring of periodic changes of the mining areas within mining lease boundary and development of mobile app for field data collection to verify the ground realities.
  • TAMRA – Transparency, Auction Monitoring and Resource Augementation (TAMRA) is a web portal and mobile application, to streamline the process of various statutory clearances required for mining operations.




E-Samiksha Portal

  • a real time, on-line system for monitoring of follow-up action on the decisions taken during the presentations made by different Ministries/Departments to the Prime Minister.
  • support from the National Informatics Centre.
  • “Monitor, Follow Up, Action” are the taglines assigned by the government to e-SamikSha.
  • Different users such as the PMO/Cabinet Secretariat/Ministries/Departments can securely access the system through a log-in/password.
  • For eg, if a joint secretary is sitting on a file on a big infrastructure project that‘s a PMO priority, this system will allow the prime minister to intervene digitally and ask the officer concerned to explain the delay or expedite decision-making.
  • Every task is assigned four status descriptors – Not Started, Under Implementation, Implemented and No Further Action Required.
  • The portal also enables tracking centre-state co-ordination issues.
  • Several States also developed portals which monitors follow up action on the decision made by different departments to Chief Ministers/Chief secretary.
  • Few districts and metropolitan authority also developed this portal to monitor at micro level.
  • E-Patrachar – It is a facility launched to send meeting notices via SMS, email etc.


Aayakar Setu – mobile App launched by Central Board of Direct Taxes

  • The app helps to file income tax return (ITR) online, locate the nearest Tax Return Prepares (TRP), provides calculators and other tools, helps in managing PAN and TDS.


Baal Aadhar

  • UIDAI has come up with a Blue coloured Aadhaar card for children aged below 5 years.
  • It does not include child’s biometric information.
  • Photo ID cards issued by child’s school, child’s birth certificate and a mobile number can be used for his/her Aadhaar enrolment.
  • The first mandatory biometric update is required at the age of 5 to include child’s biometric information like fingerprints and iris scan and the second mandatory update at the age of 15.


 e-Sahaj – Ministry of Home Affairs

  • It will enable individuals and private companies to submit application for security clearances and view its status online.


  • It is a Mission Mode Project to digitize and make the functioning of State Legislatures paperless.
  • Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs is the Nodal Ministry for this project.
  • The Ministry desires to roll out e-Vidhan as National e-Vidhan Application (NeVA), covering all 40 Houses including two Houses of Parliament and State legislatures.
  • It is to be used by the Legislatures as well as all the Government Departments.
  • This project was first executed in Himachal Pradesh which made the Shimla Legislative Assembly the first Assembly in India to go paperless in 2014.
  • The mNeVA (NeVA-mobile app) is a user-friendly app that has made information on conduct of business in Legislatures accessible anytime, anywhere to everyone.
  • It is a work-flow based app deployed in Cloud (Meghraj).


 Gram Uday se Bharat Uday Abhiyan

  • Village Self Governance campaign launched on the 125th birth anniversary of Babasaheb Ambedkar.
  • to make nationwide efforts to strengthen Panchayati Raj and through it, boost social harmony in the villages, promote rural development and foster farmers‘ welfare & livelihoods of the poor.
  • run jointly by the Ministries of Rural Development, Agriculture, Social Justice, Labour and Information and Broadcasting along with the States.


 SAATHI Initiative

  • Sustainable and Accelerated Adoption of efficient Textile technologies to Help Small Industries (SAATHI) is a joint initiative by Ministries of Power & Textiles.
  • accelerate the adoption of energy efficient textile technologies in the powerloom sector and promote cost savings.
  • Energy Efficiency Services Limited, a public sector unit under Ministry of power will help in implementing the initiative to replace old inefficient electric motors with energy efficient motors.
  • It would procure energy efficient powerloom and other kits in bulk and provide them to the small and medium powerloom units at no upfront cost.


PRAGATI –Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation (PRAGATI)

  • is a multi-purpose and multi-modal platform existing in the PMO.
  • It is not a public web platform but used exclusively by the PM to give suitable directions for redressal of grievance.
  • monitors and reviews compliance on the projects and programmes of the Government of India as well as projects flagged by State Governments.
  • It brings the Secretaries of Government of India and the Chief Secretaries of the States on one stage.
  • deploys three technologies – Digital data management, video-conferencing and geo-spatial technology.


Ministry of Coal – UTTAM App-  coal quality monitoring process

  • Scheme for Harnessing and Allocating Koyala Transparently in India (SHAKTI) – for auction and allotment of coal linkages, will lead to affordable power and transparency in allocation of coal.

Cabinet also recently approved the most ambitious coal sector reform ever i.e the opening up of commercial coal mining for private sector



Imp STATE GOVT Schemes

Mission Bhagiratha by the Government of Telangana

  • to ensure safe and sustainable piped drinking water supply from surface water sources.
  • aimed at providing tap connection to every household, the surface water sources being Krishna and Godavari Basin.
  • Water will also be provided to Industrial requirements.
  • to install optical fibre pipelines using the extensive water pipeline network being laid under the mission in an aim to save large amount of funds in installing OFC networks.


 Bhavantar Bhugtan Yojana a price deficiency payment (PDP) scheme-by of Madhya Pradesh

  • BBY assures that farmers at least get the MSP value for their crops.
  • Subsequently, the farmer is allocated a time slot to bring his produce to the mandi, where the quantity eligible for deficiency pricing is determined.
  • The quantity is determined based on the average productivity of the particular district and the cropped area of the particular farmer.
  • The farmers receive the difference between ―average sale price‖ (market price) and ―minimum support price‖ (MSP), directly into their bank accounts.


Kanyashree Prakalpa Scheme- by the Government of West Bengal

  • to improve the status of adolescent girls from disadvantaged families through small conditional cash transfers.
  • Through the initiative, cash will be deposited into the bank account of girls for every year they remained in school and were unmarried, until the age of 18.




Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *