IndiaAI Mission


  • Launched by the Indian government for the next five years.
  • Implemented by ‘IndiaAI’ Independent Business Division under Digital India Corporation (DIC).
  • Aims to establish a comprehensive ecosystem for fostering AI innovation through partnerships.

Key Features:

  • IndiaAI Compute Capacity:
    • Public-private partnership to build AI compute infrastructure with over 10,000 GPUs.
    • AI marketplace for offering AI as a service and pre-trained models.
    • One-stop solution for AI innovation resources.
  • IndiaAI Innovation Centre:
    • Develops indigenous Large Multimodal Models (LMMs) and domain-specific models.
  • IndiaAI Datasets Platform:
    • Streamlines access to quality non-personal datasets for AI research and development.
    • Unified platform for seamless data access for startups and researchers.
  • IndiaAI Application Development Initiative:
    • Focuses on developing impactful AI solutions for socio-economic transformation.
  • IndiaAI FutureSkills:
    • Reduces barriers to entry in AI programs.
    • Increases AI courses at various levels of education.
  • IndiaAI Startup Financing:
    • Supports deep-tech AI startups.
    • Provides streamlined access to funding for futuristic AI projects.
  • Safe & Trusted AI:
    • Promotes responsible AI development with indigenous tools, frameworks, and guidelines.


  • Boosts innovation and domestic AI capabilities.
  • Creates highly skilled jobs.
  • Drives responsible and inclusive growth of India’s AI ecosystem.
  • Positions India as a leader in using AI for social good and global competitiveness.


Aadhaar Seeding with Voter ID


  • Election Commission Proposal: Suggested amending the Representation of the People Act, 1950 to remove the need for a “sufficient cause” for not providing Aadhaar.
  • Concerns: Opting out of Aadhaar could entail a false declaration, punishable under the RP Act, 1950.

Aadhaar Overview

  • Unique Identity Number: 12-digit unique identifier issued to Indian residents based on biometric and demographic data.
  • UIDAI: Statutory authority established in 2016 for Aadhaar administration.


  • Data Security: Instances of breaches and misuse of Aadhaar data.
  • Inclusion Errors: Exclusion from services due to data errors or authentication failures.
  • Mandatory Usage: Viewed as an infringement on privacy rights.
  • Linkage Concerns: Linked with other databases, raising privacy and misuse concerns.

Aadhaar and Right to Privacy

  • Right to privacy became a fundamental right in India (2017).
  • This challenged Aadhaar’s use due to privacy concerns.
  • Court limited mandatory Aadhaar use and stressed protecting biometric data.
  • Enrolment became voluntary, rejecting government’s push for mandatory Aadhaar.

 Way Ahead

  • Benefits: Streamlined government services, reduced corruption, and promoted financial inclusion.
  • Challenges: Need to address privacy and security concerns for responsible Aadhaar usage.


INS Jatayu base

  • India established INS Jatayu, its second naval base in Lakshadweep (after INS Dweeprakshak).
  • Upgraded base with radars, airfield, and BrahMos missiles strengthens India’s security in the region.
  • Counters China’s growing naval presence in the Indian Ocean.
  • Lakshadweep: India’s smallest UT, archipelago of 36 islands (12 atolls, 3 reefs) near Kerala.


Pritzker Architecture Prize

  • Highest international honor for architects (established 1979).
  • Founded by Jay A. Pritzker and funded by the Pritzker family.
  • Most awards to Japanese architects (Riken Yamamoto is the 9th).
  • Only Indian laureate: Balkrishna Doshi (2018). (63 words)


Uttar Poorva Transformative Industrialization Scheme (UNNATI)

  • Aims for industrial development and job creation in the North Eastern Region (NER).
  • Launched by the Government of India as a Central Sector Scheme.

Key Features:

  • Duration:Effective from notification date till 2034 with 8 years of additional liabilities.
  • Zones:Districts categorized as Zone A (developed) and Zone B (underdeveloped).
  • Fund Allocation:60% of Part A funds earmarked for 8 NER states, 40% distributed on First-In-First-Out basis. (69 words)


Kaziranga National Park (KNPTR)

Location: Golaghat, Karbi Anglong and Nagaon districts, Assam


  • World Heritage Site (1985)
  • Home to over 70% of the world’s one-horned rhinoceros population (listed as Schedule I & vulnerable)
  • Declared a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1950 and National Park in 1974


V-SAT Stations for Tribal Villages in India

Pilot Project:

  • Ministry of Tribal Affairs collaborates with ISRO to deploy V-SAT stations in 80 villages across Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and Maharashtra.

V-SAT (Very Small Aperture Terminal):

  • Two-way satellite ground station with a dish antenna.
  • Transmits data for internet access in remote locations without physical networks.
  • Bounces signal from satellites, offering an alternative to traditional infrastructure.


  • Aims to bridge the connectivity gap in geographically remote tribal villages.
  • Potential to significantly improve digital inclusivity.
  • Provides internet, medical, educational access, and supports e-governance initiatives.


  • Latency issues due to signal bouncing from satellites.
  • Weather and environmental conditions can affect signal quality. 

Penicillin G Production in India

Resumption after Halt:

  • Health Minister announced restarting Penicillin G production (stopped in 1990s).

Penicillin G (Benzylpenicillin):

  • Active ingredient for various antibiotics treating pneumonia, meningitis, etc.
  • Narrow-spectrum antibiotic for serious bacterial infections.
  • Natural antibiotic administered intravenously/intramuscularly.
  • Production stopped due to cheaper Chinese alternatives in the 1990s.

Revival Factors:

  • Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme incentivizes domestic manufacturing.
  • Significant step towards pharmaceutical self-reliance. 

Haiper: Text-to-Video AI

New Player:

  • Haiper, founded by ex-DeepMind, TikTok, and academic researchers, introduces a new text-to-video model.
  • Follows OpenAI’s Sora launch, capable of generating minute-long videos.

Haiper’s Model:

  • Aims for “a new path towards AGI” (human-like AI).
  • User-friendly platform for generating video content.
  • Offers text-to-video, image animation, video repainting tools (free on website).
  • Current limitation: short video length (2 seconds).
  • Company working on extending video outputs.
  • Publicly available tool, unlike OpenAI’s Sora (still in beta).

INS Kolkata: Indian Naval Destroyer

About INS Kolkata:

  • Lead ship of Kolkata-class stealth guided-missile destroyers.
  • Significant addition to Indian Navy’s arsenal.
  • Successor to Project 15 ‘Delhi’ class destroyers.
  • Designed by Indian Navy’s Directorate of Naval Design.
  • Commissioned in 2014, marking a milestone in indigenous warship construction.


  • Length: 164 meters
  • Width: 18 meters
  • Full load displacement: 7400 tonnes
  • Propulsion: Combined Gas and Gas (COGAG) system for speeds exceeding 30 knots
  • Power generation: 4.5 Megawatts (enough for a small town)
  • Crew: 30 officers and 300 sailors

Recent Activity:

  • Responded to missile/drone attacks on merchant vessels in the Gulf of Aden.

The Gulf of Aden:

  • Deepwater gulf of the Indian Ocean.
  • Located between Yemen, Somalia, Arabian Peninsula, and Socotra Island.
  • Vital shipping lane for global trade, especially oil from the Persian Gulf.
  • Connects Asia, Africa, and Europe.
  • Major ports: Aden (Yemen), Djibouti City (Djibouti), Berbera (Somalia).

Right to Repair Portal India

Launched by: Department of Consumer Affairs (DoCA)

Goal: Empower consumers with repair information and reduce e-waste.

Vision: Promote a circular economy by encouraging product repair and reuse.

  • Repairing and reusing products reduces waste compared to a throw-away culture.

Key Features:

  • Provides repair information across sectors (automobiles, electronics, durables, farming equipment).
  • Offers access to product manuals, repair videos, spare part details (price, warranty).
  • Enables submitting feedback on products and services.

Expected Impact:

  • Empower consumers to make informed choices about buying and maintaining products.
  • Promote a circular economy model for sustainable consumption.

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