Daily Hot Topic

Global Opportunities and Regional Realities: India’s Balancing Act

GS-2 Mains : IR :

Question : Evaluate India’s global rise and its strategic importance in the Indo-Pacific region

Global Rise:

  • Strong economic growth, military capabilities, and young population.
  • Membership in key global institutions and participation in multilateral groups.
  • Strategic importance in the Indo-Pacific region.
  • Supported by US and allies to counter China’s influence.

Emerging Challenges:

  • Declining influence in South Asia compared to Cold War era or China’s current influence.
  • Reasons:
    • Diminishing relative power compared to China.
    • Loss of regional primacy.
    • Geopolitical shifts favoring China (arrival in South Asia, US withdrawal, India’s Indo-Pacific focus).

Way Forward:

  • Acknowledge regional changes and adapt traditional South Asia policy.
  • Focus on India’s strengths instead of solely matching China’s might.
  • Develop new engagement strategies reflecting India’s strengths and regional realities (e.g., reclaiming Buddhist heritage).
  • Leverage maritime advantages (Indo-Pacific) to address continental challenges.
  • Include South Asian neighbors in Indo-Pacific discussions.
  • Partner with US, Japan, Australia, and others to engage Sri Lanka, Maldives, and Bangladesh.
  • Utilize soft power through informal contacts with regional civil societies.
  • Collaborate with external partners to address common challenges.


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