1. Protests to Coup: Kyrgyzstan

The issue in news

The parliament and the presidential house and key govenrment buildings have been captured by the Protesters in Kyrgyzstan and the situation is like a coup.

Main points

  • After the announcement of early results of the parliamentary election The current protests
  • Political parties in Kyrgyzstan should win at least 7% of the popular vote to enter Parliament.
  • The results showed that only four parties managed to cross the threshold and of which, three were pro-government


  • The main political party of the country , the Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan (SDPK), stayed out of the election due to intra-party rift and split.
  • Several political leaders were detained and elections were perceived as rigged.
  • This resulted protestors forming a Coordination Council to lead the “revolution”. The country’s Election Commission annulled the results, but the protesters continued.
  • Kyrgyzstan’s is key to the strategic plans of both Russia and China.
  • Russia considers the region as its backyard and plays hard politics to retain its influence. Kyrgyzstan is a member of the Russia-led Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO).


  • Since 1991 India has strong bilateral ties with Kyrgyzstan. India was one of the first countries to establish diplomatic ties with Kyrgyzstan in 1992.
  • Since 1992, the two countries have many agreements, including on Culture, Trade and Economic Cooperation, Civil Aviation, Investment Promotion and Protection, Avoidance of Double Taxation, Consular Convention etc.
  • In 2011, the joint ‘Khanjar’ series of exercises was started.
  • about 9,000 Indian students are studying medicine in various medical institutions in the country. Also, there are many businessmen living in Kyrgyzstan who are involved in trade and several other services there.
  • The Kyrgyz leaderships have been largely supportive of India’s stand on Kashmir.
  • They also support India’s bid for a permanent seat at the UNSC. Departure from a Democratic Regime may bring uncertainty for India’s interests.





The issue in news

Election Commission of India (ECI) has relaxed Public Notice Time Period for Registration of Political Parties. It has given a relaxation and has reduced the notice period from 30 days to 7 days .



  • Registration of Political parties is governed by the provisions of Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951.
  • A party seeking registration under the said Section with the ECI has to submit an application to the Commission within a period of 30 days following the date of its formation as per guidelines prescribed by it in exercise of the powers conferred by Article 324 of the Constitution of India.
  • As per existing guidelines, the applicant association is, inter-alia, asked to publish proposed Name of the party in two national daily news papers and two local daily newspapers, on two days for submitting objections, if any, with regard to the proposed registration of the party before the Commission within 30 days from such publication.




  1. Report on Big Tech Companies

The issue in news

A report was recently submitted by  a US House of Representatives panel about a bipartisan investigation into the working of big technology companies like Amazon, Apple, Google and Facebook.

  • The report called for the big technology companies to be broken up and also for a “presumptive prohibition against future mergers and acquisitions by the dominant platform”.

Main point

  • These big companies were on the government radar in many countries. the Company heads were questioned in the view of the evidence which suggested that the companies have exploited, entrenched and expanded their power over digital markets in anti-competitive and abusive ways and the answers by the heads were often “evasive and nonresponsive”.

Tech and India

  • With regards to the stifling competition in India the report also analysed the role of the big tech companies in India.
  • It also referred to the various antitrust probes going on against Google in India, which has had run-ins with regulators, especially the Competition Commission of India (CCI).
  • Amazon and Facebook are also likely to be put under observation for the way they price their products.

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