Daily Hot Topic
Topic : EU’s Proposed Chat Control Law
GS-2 Mains  : IR
Revision Notes


  • The European Union’s proposed Chat Control law has sparked debate among member states.

The Law:

  • Introduced in May 2022 to combat online child sexual abuse.
  • Requires tech companies to scan private messages for suspicious content using automated tools.
    • Aims for proactive identification and reporting to law enforcement.
  • Focuses on “images, video visuals, and URLs” excluding audio and text.
  • Requires user consent for scanning as part of app terms and conditions.
  • Supported by Interior Ministers of Spain and Ireland.

Need and Purpose:

  • Rise of online platforms facilitates illegal content, including child sexual abuse material.
  • EU officials report a surge in such material, necessitating stricter measures.
  • Aims to mandate tech platforms to actively monitor private messages.

Challenges and Criticism:

  • Mass Scanning of Private Messages:
    • Raises concerns about privacy rights.
    • Requires scanning encrypted messages.
    • Opposed by France, Germany, Poland, tech companies, and privacy experts.
  • End-to-End Encryption Dilemma:
    • Scanning encrypted messages is technically challenging.
    • Opening backdoors weakens encryption and secure communication.


  • The Chat Control law highlights the tension between digital security and privacy.
  • Striking a balance is crucial as technology advances and privacy concerns remain.
  • Continued discussion, transparency, and informed dialogue are essential for navigating this complex issue.


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