MCQS

Q1:

Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding Panna Biosphere Reserve and choose the correct option?

 

  1. It is situated in the Vindhya mountain ranges.
  2. It is included in the UNESCO’s World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR).
  3. Betwa river flows through the Panna Biosphere Reserve.

 

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

 

Answer : a

Explanation

Recently, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has included the Panna Biosphere Reserve (PBR) in its World Network of

Biosphere Reserves (WNBR).

The PBR is the third in Madhya Pradesh to be included in the list after Pachmarhi and Amarkantak.

It was established in 1981, PBR is located in the Panna and Chhatarpur districts of Madhya Pradesh with an area of around 540 km. sq.

It is situated in the Vindhya mountain range in the northern part of Madhya Pradesh.

Ken River (one of the least polluted tributaries of the Yamuna River) flows through the reserve and the Ken-Betwa river interlinking project will also be located in it.

The region is also famous for Panna diamond mining.

 

Q2:

With reference to education in India, consider the following statements and choose the correct option:

  1. The 42 Amendment to the Constitution in 1976 moved education from the

Concurrent to the State List.

  1. The 86 Amendment to the Constitution in 2002 made education an enforceable

right under Article 21-A.

 

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer : b

Explanation

Part IV of Indian Constitution, Article 45 and Article 39 (f) of Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP), has a provision for state-funded as well as equitable and accessible education.

The 42 Amendment to the Constitution in 1976 moved education from the State

to the Concurrent List.

The education policies by the Central government provides a broad direction and state governments are expected to follow it. However, it is not mandatory, for instance Tamil Nadu does not follow the three-language formula prescribed by the first education policy in 1968.

The 86 Amendment in 2002 made education an enforceable right under Article 21-A.

 

Q3:

With reference to Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), consider the following

Statements and choose the correct option:

  1. It is an Asian political, economic and military organisation aiming to maintain peace,

security and stability in the region.

  1. Member States hold the Chairmanship of SCO for a year by rotation.
  2. 1 only
  3. 2 only
  4. Both 1 and 2
  5. Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer : b

Explanation

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a permanent intergovernmental international organisation.

It’s a Eurasian political, economic and military organisation aiming to maintain peace, security and stability in the region.

The Chairmanship of SCO is by rotation for a year by Member States.

SCO has two Permanent Bodies

SCO Secretariat in Beijing, and

Executive Committee of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) in

Tashkent.

The SCO’s official languages are Russian and Chinese.

 

Q4:

With reference to the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) Minsk Group, consider the following statements and choose the correct options:

  1. It is co-chaired by the United Kingdom along with France and Russia.
  2. It is the world’s largest security-oriented intergovernmental organisation.

 

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer : b

Explanation

Recently, Russia has brokered a new peace deal between Armenia and Azerbaijan. Both counties have been in a military conflict over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh in the South Caucasus.

The Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) Minsk Group,

chaired by France, Russia and the USA, has also tried to get the two countries to

reach a peace agreement for several years.

OSCE is the world’s largest security-oriented intergovernmental organisation. Its mandate includes issues such as arms control, promotion of human rights, freedom of the press, and fair elections.

OSCE Minsk Group was created in 1992 by the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) to encourage a peaceful, negotiated resolution to the conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh.

 

 

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