Q1. Brus/Reangs are recognised as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups in which of these state/s?
- 2 only
- 1 and 3 only
- 2 and 3 only
- 1, 3 and 4 only
The Brus are spread across the northeastern states of Tripura, Assam, Manipur, and Mizoram.
In Tripura, they are recognised as a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group.
75 tribal groups have been categorized by the Ministry of Home Affairs as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).
PVTGs reside in 18 States and the UT of A&N Islands.
The Ministry of Tribal Affairs implements the Scheme of “Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)” exclusively for them.
Q2: Which of the following initiatives are launched to fight tuberculosis (TB) in India?
- Nikshay Ecosystem
- Nikshay Poshan Yojana (NPY)
- Saksham Project
- National Tuberculosis Elimination Programme (NTEP).
- 1 and 4 only
- 2 and 3 only
- 3 and 4 only
- 1, 2, 3 and 4
Answer : d
India’s Initiative to Fight TB:
National Tuberculosis Elimination Programme: To align with the ambitious goal, the programme has been renamed from the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) to National Tuberculosis Elimination Programme (NTEP).
Eliminating TB by 2025: India is committed to eliminating tuberculosis from the country by 2025, five years ahead of the global target by the World Health Organisation (WHO) i.e. 2030.
The Nikshay Ecosystem: It is the National TB information system which is a one-stop solution to manage information of patients and monitor program activity and performance throughout the country.
Nikshay Poshan Yojana (NPY): This scheme is aimed at providing financial support to TB patients for their nutrition.
TB Harega Desh Jeetega Campaign: Launched In September 2019 it is showcasing the highest level of commitment for the elimination of TB.
The Saksham Project: It is a project of the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) that has been providing psycho-social counselling to DR-TB patients.
The Government of India has partnered with the Global Fund to launch JEET (Joint Effort for Elimination of TB), a private sector engagement program operating across the country.
Q3: With reference to Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), consider the following statements and choose the correct option:
- CBI derives its powers from Delhi Special Police Establishment Act.
- CBI can suo-moto investigate the case in any state of India.
- 1 only
- 2 only
- Both 1 and 2
- Neither 1 and 2
Answer : a
The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) traces its origin to the Special Police Establishment (SPE) which was set up in 1941 by the Government of India.
The functions of the SPE then were to investigate cases of bribery and corruption in transactions with the War & Supply Deptt. Of India during World War II.
The Delhi Special Police Establishment Act was therefore brought into force in 1946. The CBI’s power to investigate cases is derived from this Act.
CBI can investigate any case in any state of India. However, first the CBI has to take the consent of the states. There are two types of consent for a probe by the CBI. These are: general and specific.
When a state gives a general consent (Section 6 of the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act) to the CBI for probing a case, the agency is not required to seek fresh permission every time it enters that state in connection with investigation or for every case.
When a general consent is withdrawn, CBI needs to seek case-wise consent for investigation from the concerned state government. If specific consent is not granted, the CBI officials will not have the power of police personnel when they enter that state.
This hurdle impedes seamless investigation by the CBI.