1. Q1:

With regards to Wolbachia consider the following statements and choose the correct statement


  1. It is natural bacteria present in bird species.
  2. It is used for controlling dengue.


  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2


Answer : b


Wolbachia are natural bacteria present in up to 60% of insect species, including some mosquitoes.

However, Wolbachia is not usually found in the Aedes aegypti mosquito, the primary species responsible for transmitting human viruses such as Zika, dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever.

Wolbachia is safe for humans, animals and the environment.

Researchers from the World Mosquito Program have used mosquitoes infected with Wolbachia bacteria to successfully control dengue in Yogyakarta city of Indonesia.



Consider the following statements regarding  the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council, which of the following is/are not correct?


  1. Goods & Services Tax Council is a statutory body.
  2. The GST Council is chaired by the governor of the RBI.


  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2


Answer : c


Goods & Services Tax Council is a constitutional body and has been mentioned in Article 279 A of the Indian Constitution.

The GST Council is chaired by the Union Finance Minister.

The other members are the Union State Minister of Revenue or Finance and Ministers in-charge of Finance or Taxation of all the States.



Which of the following are Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG) of Andaman and Nicobar island and choose the appropriate answer :

  1. Jarawas
  2. Onges
  3. Shompens
  4. North Sentinelese
  5. Juang
  6. Koyas


  1. 1, 2 and 3
  2. 1, 2, 3 and 4
  3. 1, 2 and 4
  4. 1, 3, 4, 5 and 6


Answer : 2


Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG) of the Andaman and Nicobar islands are Great Andamanese, Jarwas, Onges, Shompens and North Sentinelese.

Shompen is the only PVTG in the region with Mongoloid features. The other PVTGs have negroid features. Some of them interact with ‘Great Nicobarese’ – a Scheduled Tribe.

The population of Andaman and Nicobar Islands’ primitive tribes has rapidly declined over the years. The epidemics and crippling health crises of the past have been seen to disproportionately impact these indigenous tribal groups.

Juang tribe is PVTG of Orisha and Koyas is a tribe of Lakshadweep islands.


Q 4:

With reference to the Urdu, consider the following statements and choose the correct options :

  1. It developed and flourished during the period of Delhi Sultanate.
  2. It is one of the languages mentioned in the 8 Schedule to the Constitution.
  3. It is a major language of South Asia.


  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3


Answer : d


Urdu had developed and flourished in Delhi during the period of ‘Delhi Sultanate’ from 12 to 16 century and then during the period of ‘Mughal Empire’ in Delhi from 16 century to 19 century when several court poets used this language in their great poetry and writings.

It is one of the languages mentioned in the 8th Schedule to the Constitution. Also, it is one of the official languages in states like Kashmir, Telangana, UP, Bihar, New Delhi and West Bengal.

Urdu and Hindi taken together form the third largest speech community in the world today.

Urdu is a major language of South Asia.It is spoken in countries including India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal.

It has become the culture language and lingua franca of the South Asian Muslim diaspora outside the sub-continent, especially in the Gulf and the Middle East, Western Europe, Scandinavia, USA and Canada.



In which of the following oceans recently occurred Hurricane Laura originated?

  1. North Atlantic Ocean
  2. South Atlantic Ocean
  3. Pacific Ocean
  4. Indian Ocean


Answer : a


Hurricane Laura, has made landfall in Louisiana located South Central United States) with wind speeds reaching up to 250 km an hour. It originated in the North Atlantic Ocean.

Hurricane Laura is a Category 4 storm.

A Category 4 storm has wind speeds between 130-156 mph and can uproot trees and bring down power lines.

Hurricanes are categorized on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale, which rates them on a scale of 1 to 5 based on wind speed.



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