29/5/2020 : The Hindu Editorials Short Summary Notes
QUESTION: Discuss how land dispute between India and Nepal can affect their socio-economic relations.
NEPAL-INDIA BORDER DISPUTE
India-Nepal relations and Their territorial dispute of Kalapani.
WHY IN NEWS?
Recently, Nepal has released a new political map that claims Kalapani,Limpiyadhura and Lipulekh of Uttarkhand as part of its territory.
India rejected new map of Nepal, India urges Nepal to respect India’s sovereignty and territorial integrity.
India inherited the boundary with Nepal established between Nepal and East India Company in Treaty of Sagauli in 1816.
Disputes relates to origin of Kali river .
Treaty of Mahakali 1996.
Kali originates from stream of Limpiyadhura, North West of Lipulekh . Thus Kalapani,Limpiyadhura and Likulekh fall to east of river and are part of Nepal’s Dharchula district.
Second, Kalapani was not part of Nepal-India dispute, it was Nepal’s territory.
Kali river originates in springs well below the Lipulekh pass, and Sagauli Treaty doesn’t demarcate area north of these streams.
Kalapani is a part of Pithorgarh, Uttarakhand.
Nepal’s deliberate effort to make Lipulekh pass a disputed tri-junction between India-Nepal-China.
India perceives Nepal to be tilting towards China.
India-Nepal has roti-beti ka relation and both should give importance to bilateral relations.
Urgent need to pause the rhetoric on Territorial nationalism and explore “Special Relationship”and better foundation for “Neighbourhood First “ policy.
Corona pandemic and its impact on Indian and Global trade.
WHY IN NEWS ?
Merchandise exports had collapsed severely over 60% , imports are contracted , two Indian products show positive growth such as Iron Ore and Pharmaceuticals, sharp dip in global oil prices.
To prop up employment security + New barriers in trade i.e. in medical and food supplies.
Dented Demand + Investment and disrupted global supply chain and shipping routes.
Economic package offered reform commitment + Improving ease of doing business for MSMEs.
Increasing tendency for alternative investment destination for big global businesses and govt. policies for better proposals from time to time.