Daily Hot Topic
Topic : Climate Resilient Farming in India
GS-3 Mains  : Economy


  • The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare plans to unveil a framework for climate-resilient agriculture in India.

Why Climate Resilient Farming?

  • Climate change is a major threat to agriculture worldwide, impacting food production, crop yields, and overall sustainability.
  • Indian agriculture is highly vulnerable to climate-related disasters like droughts, floods, and cyclones.
  • Rising temperatures and changing monsoon patterns directly affect crop productivity.
  • By 2100, productivity of most crops in India is projected to decrease by 10-40% due to climate change.

National Programme on Climate-Resilient Agriculture (NPCRA)

  • Aims to enhance the resilience of Indian agriculture to climate change.
  • Targets 50,000 villages across 27 states identified as climatically vulnerable.

Measures under NPCRA

  • Promoting Resilient Crop Varieties: ICAR has developed over 2,000 climate-resilient crop varieties (abiotic and biotic stress-tolerant).
  • Water Conservation: Promoting less water-intensive crops and implementing water conservation practices.
  • Monitoring Fertiliser Inputs: Ensuring efficient fertiliser use to minimise environmental impact.
  • Program Duration and Funding: Expected to run for five years with funding from existing schemes.

Role of ICAR

  • Plays a pivotal role in developing innovative technologies and practices to cope with climate variability.
  • Contributes to building resilience at both policy and farmer levels.

Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA)

  • Aims to address climate change challenges while ensuring sustainable food production.
  • Focuses on practices that enhance agricultural productivity, improve farmer livelihoods, and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Examples: Drought-tolerant varieties, conservation agriculture practices (soil organic carbon building, manure management).

Related Government Initiatives

  • Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY): Improves water-use efficiency in agriculture.
  • Soil Health Card Scheme: Encourages soil-friendly practices.
  • Promotion of Climate-Resilient Crop Varieties: Supports research and adoption of climate-resilient seeds.
  • National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA): ICAR project to enhance agricultural resilience through research and technology demonstration.

Conclusion and Way Forward

  • Climate-smart practices and promoting resilient crops are crucial for sustainable agriculture and food security in India.
  • By adopting sustainable techniques, improving soil health, and promoting resilient crops, we can build a more resilient and productive agricultural sector.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *