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Topic : India’s Joint Doctrine for Cyberspace Operations
GS-3 Mains  : Science and Technology
Revision Notes




  • Cyberspace is a complex domain crucial for modern warfare, alongside land, sea, and air.
  • Unlike physical domains, cyberspace is a global commons with shared sovereignty.
  • Hostile actions in cyberspace can cripple a nation’s economy, decision-making, and defense capabilities.

Significance of Joint Doctrine

  • Released by the Chief of Defence Staff during a Chiefs of Staff Committee meeting.
  • A “keystone publication” guiding commanders in cyberspace operations.
  • Emphasizes understanding the military aspects of cyberspace operations.
  • Provides conceptual guidance for planning, conducting, and raising awareness of cyberspace operations.
  • Promotes jointness and integration among the Indian Armed Forces.

India’s Cybersecurity Initiatives

  • Joint Doctrine: The newly released document.
  • Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In): Coordinates national cybercrime response.
  • Defence Cyber Agency (DCA): Coordinates cybersecurity efforts across the armed forces.
  • Cyber Surakshit Bharat (CSB) Programme: Public-private partnership for cybersecurity education.
  • Investment in Indigenous R&D: Reduces reliance on foreign technology.


  • Diverse cyber threats like malware, phishing attacks, and cyberespionage.
  • Vulnerability of interconnected defense systems and reliance on digital technologies.
  • Shortage of skilled cybersecurity professionals.

The Way Forward

  • Leverage emerging technologies (AI, quantum computing) for enhanced situational awareness.
  • Integrate cyberspace with other domains (space, electronic warfare) for modern warfare capabilities.
  • Proactive approach to cybersecurity and fostering innovation for a secure cyberspace environment.
  • Invest in skilled personnel, advanced technology, and robust policy frameworks for national security.


The Joint Doctrine for Cyberspace Operations is a significant step towards strengthening India’s cyber defense capabilities in the digital age. By proactively addressing these challenges and fostering innovation, India can ensure a secure cyberspace environment for national security.

Source : https://pib.gov.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=2026240

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