Indian Express Editorial Topic-1 : Goal worth setting

Short Notes or Revision Notes

GS-2 Mains 

Question : Critically analyze the importance of focusing beyond rankings to improve the lives of all Indians, despite aspirations of achieving a world No. 3 economy status.

India’s Growth: Beyond Headline Numbers

Economic Growth:

  • India’s ranking improved from 10th to 5th largest economy (2013-2024).
  • But, average annual GDP growth under current government (5.9%) is lower than previous decade (6.8%).
  • To reach 3rd by 2028, India needs only 6% annual growth (assuming slower growth in Germany & Japan).

Beyond Aggregate GDP:

  • Being world’s No. 3 economy sounds good, but living standards matter more.
  • India’s per capita GDP ($2,500) is much lower than China’s ($13,000).
  • In 1990, India’s per capita GDP was higher than China’s.

Focus on Per Capita Income:

  • Quadrupling per capita GDP to $10,000 by 2047 is a more relatable target.
  • This aligns with the vision of “developed India” by 2047.
  • Specific targets like doubling farmer income led to focused policy making.
  • Per capita GDP targets can help policymakers move beyond poverty elimination.

Boosting Per Capita Income in India by 2047

Multipronged Approach:

  • Economic Growth (Target: >7% annual GDP growth):
    • Strengthen manufacturing to increase its GDP share.
    • Encourage private sector investment with a business-friendly environment.
    • Improve credit access for individuals and MSMEs.
  • Human Capital Development:
    • Implement National Education Policy (NEP) for skill development.
    • Invest in quality healthcare for a healthier, more productive workforce.
  • Infrastructure and Governance:
    • Upgrade physical infrastructure (roads, power, transportation).
    • Empower local governments for efficient service delivery.
    • Simplify regulations and processes to attract investment.

Focus Beyond Rankings:

  • World No. 3 ranking is aspirational, but living standards are key.
  • A multipronged approach can improve the lives of all Indians.



Indian Express Editorial Topic-2:  Road to peace in Myanmar

Short Notes or Revision Notes

GS-2 Mains 

Question : Analyze the reasons behind the failure of ASEAN’s Five Point Consensus (FPC) in resolving the Myanmar crisis.

Current Situation:

  • Ongoing conflict since military coup in Feb 2021.
  • Country effectively divided between military junta (SAC) and rebel forces (Resistance).
  • UN raises alarms:
    • Increased fighting in Rakhine State.
    • Military’s forced recruitment worsening crisis.
    • Air strikes by military on civilians up fivefold in 5 months.
  • 7 million displaced currently, 1 million more expected by year-end.
  • 6 million people need humanitarian aid, including 6 million children.
  • Limited aid due to logistical challenges.

Path to Reconciliation:

  • Deep animosity between warring factions.
  • Internal stakeholders lack capacity to de-escalate or deliver aid effectively.
  • External help crucial from ASEAN, China, India, and Bangladesh.
  • Internal and external actors need a mechanism for humanitarian relief.
  • Thailand proposes creating a “humanitarian corridor” as a pilot project.

Stalemate in Myanmar: ASEAN’s FPC Fails

Failed Consensus:

  • ASEAN’s Five Point Consensus (FPC) for resolving the Myanmar crisis hasn’t yielded results.

Path to Normalcy:

  • Need a middle ground between:
    • SAC’s position: retain 2008 constitution, limited democracy after controlled elections.
    • Resistance’s vision: full federal democracy, apolitical military under new constitution.
  • Need a dialogue mechanism for all stakeholders.

Stalemated Conflict:

  • SAC (military) is weakening but remains persistent.
  • Resistance is gaining momentum but lacks unity.
  • Military victory by either side seems unlikely.
  • Both sides need to prioritize national reconciliation.
  • Aung San Suu Kyi’s potential role in a solution is debated.

India’s Role:

  • As a key neighbor, India can contribute by:
    • Developing practical solutions considering power dynamics and history.
    • Advising policymakers and shaping regional solutions.
  • Regional instability threatens India’s eastern neighborhood.


  • Myanmar needs external help to break the deadlock.
  • India and other friends must step in to facilitate peace.


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