Public Administration Optional Question Paper-1 (1980)

Section A

  1. Administrative ability required of a leader in public administration or industrial administration may be the same. But managerial ability in industry or business includes
    1. a commercial or business mind
    2. some take in business. Discuss the validity of or otherwise the statement in Indian context.
  2. Answer the following questions
    1. Executive effectiveness increases with delegation. Critically evaluate this concept.
    2. Cite two situations where centralization would be more effective than decentralization.
  3. Answer the following questions
    1. Explain the processes of intra-group behaviour and inter-group relations in an organization.
    2. In what way the knowledge of the processes of group behaviour wood help a manager? Give reasons.
  4. Answer the following questions
    1. Man is a non-linear machine; a machine that is programmed with a tape, one cannot find anywhere; a machine that continually changes its programming without any prior warning; a machine that may try to out guess one in ones attempts to find out what makes the machine tick. Comment.
    2. A medium sized manufacturer plans to enter a new territory. The potential market is divided into four sales districts. Five trained and experienced sales representatives are available to cover all the four districts. The projected annual sales by each representative in each district are as follows:
Table Supporting: Section A
Districts Sales Representatives (₹ 10,000 units) Representative I Representative II Representative II Representative IV
Person 1 ₹ 14 ₹ 9.5 ₹ 11.5 ₹ 6
Person 2 ₹ 12 ₹ 8 ₹ 11 ₹ 9.5
Person 3 ₹ 8 ₹ 8.5 ₹ 9 ₹ 9
Person 4 ₹ 11.5 ₹ 5.5 ₹ 8 ₹ 9
Person 5 ₹ 10.5 ₹ 8 ₹ 10.5 ₹ 8
  1. Find out the optimal assignment.
  2. Work out the optimal expected sales.

5. Answer the following questions a. Clarify a linear programming model and try to identify the limitations of linear programming. b. A platoon commander has been given instructions to protect a small village from the frequent attacks of guerillas that operate from the jungles surrounding the village. The commander has two heavy tanks and five light tanks under his control. The number of men required to operate each heavy and light tanks is four and two respectively. There are twelve men who are trained in operating both types of tanks. No doubt, the fire power of the heavy tanks is three times that of the light one. The commander feels that the light tanks would be more effective in thick jungles. He is waiting for your advice as LP expert. With the help of graphical LP model determine the number of tanks of each type to be put into operation to obtain the maximum fire power. 6. Project the relative advantages of discounted-cash-flow and pay-off-period techniques employed in capital budgeting.

Section B

Part I (Marketing Management)
  1. Marketing concept changes in line with the stage of development of an industry of economy, but the concept at a given stage of development is the same in any industry or economy.Comment.
  2. Price decisions are often guided by cost and demand considerations, but prices, are not normally decided by these factors.In the light of the above statement explain the three approaches to pricing a product or service.
Part II (Production and Materials Management)
  1. Answer the following questions
    1. As a purchasing manager of a large sized undertaking what considerations will you weight to decide if EOQ should be used for placing orders or periodic ordering should be followed? Does EOQ need no revision?
    2. Purchase manager of a big undertaking was often blamed for shortage of supply of one or the other item. Both the production manager and sales manager often accounted for the poor performance by saying that supplies were not available on time. So the purchase manager solved the problem finally and was feeling happy that he had procured enough of all materials so as to last for two years. What would you have done if you were the purchase manager?
  2. Answer the following questions
    1. Distinguish between PERT and CPM?
    2. The estimate of a project to be completed at the shortest possible time is required urgently. Make use of the following information and answer the questions given below:
Table Supporting: Part II (Production and Materials Management)
Activity Preceding Activity Normal time (days) Crash time (days) Normal cost ₹ (000) . Crash cost ₹ (000) .
Item ID A-B Item ID-20 Item ID 16 Item ID 9,000 Item ID 11,000 Item ID A-C
Item ID-25 Item ID 25 Item ID 1,900 Item ID 1,9000 Item ID B-C Item ID A-B
Item ID 10 Item ID 7 Item ID 4,500 Item ID 7,300 Item ID B-D Item ID A-B
Item ID 12 Item ID 8 Item ID 4,000 Item ID 7,000 Item ID D-D Item ID A-C
Item ID B-C Item ID 5 Item ID 2 Item ID 4,400 Item ID 7,500 Item ID D-E
Item ID B-D Item ID C-D Item ID 10 Item ID 6 Item ID 4,500 Item ID 9,000
  1. Draw the activity network for the project.
  2. Find the total float and free float for each activity.
  3. Crash the activity step-by-step untill the shortest duration is reached.
Part III (Financial Management)
  1. During the past few months a large number of public, private and joint sector undertakings in India have launched comaigns for rising fixed deposits from the public shareholders and employees. To what extent these establishments are going to be benefited by this strategy? If the present inflationary trends get reversed in two to three years time, what would be its effect on the policy of raising fixed deposits at such rates as is being done now?
  2. Answer the following questions
    1. The financial rations derived from the accounts of a company for the financial year 1979 − 80 and the standard ratios adopted by the company are as follows.Comment on the performance of the company.
Table Supporting: Part III (Financial Management)
Ratios Actual Standard
Current ratio Ratio 4.0 Ratio 2.0
Ratio Liquidity Ratio 2.0 Ratio 1.0
Ratio Proprietory Ratio 0.5 Ratio 0.7
Debtors velocity Velocity 70.0 days Velocity 90.0 days
Velocity Stock Velocity 8.0 Velocity 12.0
Net Profit⟋Sales Net 7% Net 10%
Net worth⟋turnover Net 10.0 Net 14.0
Creditors velocity Velocity 30.0 days Velocity 45.0 days
Gross Profit ratio Net 20% Net 20%

b. How would you go about fixing standard ratios? What precautions would you take for minimizing errors in standard fixing? Give reasons. 3. Answer the following questions a. One of the achievements of trade union activities in industry in India is te increasing role they have played increasing the management to evolve and publish clear personnel policies, Enumerate the points covered in a well-developed personnel policy. b. Excessive involvement of trade unions in the development and implementation of personnel politicizes of an organization is causing considerable harm to the society, consumers and organization. Comment. 4. Bonus means deferred wages. Do you agree? Describe the salient features of the Bonus Act. The Bonus Act is a bane for some and benefactor for others. Give your points of view.

Public Administration Optional Question Paper-2 (1980)

Section A

  1. Answer the following questions
    1. Public Administration performs a dual role administrative process e. g. It provides an informed professional input for the formulation of the policy and it helps in implementing and evaluating the policy. Critically examine the statement.
    2. Resistance to change is a big hurdle in bringing about changes in an organization so as to make it more effective. Explain the statement and describe now structural and human approaches can be instrumental in overcoming the resistance and bringing about the required change in the organization
  2. Answer the following questions
    1. Critically examine the process of managerial planning in a large-sized organization and describe the major environmental factors which affect that process in the organization.
    2. Comment: Information is blood for the organization.
  3. Answer the following questions
    1. Critically examine the Span of Control concept in Administration and show its relationship to the number of levels of authority. Also discuss in brief its limitations in practice.
    2. Delegation is the corner-stone of sound administration. Do you agree? Substantiate your views citing examples.
  4. Answer the following questions
    1. Decision making is conscious choice among several available alternative. Discuss.
    2. Comment: Government must be both competent and compassionate at the same time.
  5. Answer the following questions
    1. How does budgetary control act as an instrument of co-ordination.
    2. What is Work Study? Describe its role in improving administration

Section B

  1. Critically analyze the following statements:
    1. Administration means to serves people and nothing should be allowed to take precedence over this fundamental concern.
    2. Financial Administration is a vital institution for economic and social change in a poor country.
  2. Answer the following
    1. Discuss the special problems of public enterprises in India from the view point of general administration, and accountability.
    2. Analyze the relationship between the Centre and States in India. Does it call for any. Change? Why?
  3. State the role of local self government iii a parliamentary democracy. Do you think that local self government institutions constitute the foundation of democracy?
  4. Answer the following questions
    1. Comment: The problem of citizens grievances is not so much of wrong decision as of administrative delays and official unresponsiveness.
    2. What do you understand by the morale of the civil service? What are the factors which influence it?
  5. Write critical notes on any two of the following:
    1. Relationship between political-and permanent executives.
    2. Peoples participation in Public Administration.
    3. Administrative reforms.
    4. Headquarters and field relationship.

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