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Topic : Horticulture Production in India

GS-3 Mains  : Economy

Revision Notes


  • Estimated at 352.23 million tonnes in 2023-24 (provisional).
  • Slight decrease (0.91%) compared to 2022-23.
  • India ranks 1st in production of banana, lime & lemon, papaya, okra.
  • India ranks 2nd in world for fruits & vegetables production.


  • Contributes 33% to agriculture Gross Value Added (GVA) in India.
  • Important for income generation, diversification, and nutritional security.


  • Lack of infrastructure for post-harvest handling, storage, and transportation leads to spoilage.
  • Water scarcity and inefficient water management impact yields.
  • Pests, diseases, and pesticide misuse harm crops and the environment.
  • Limited market linkages and price fluctuations discourage investment.
  • Climate change disrupts production patterns (unpredictable rainfall, temperature).
  • Meeting quality standards and certifications can be difficult for small producers.

Key Initiatives:

  • National Horticulture Mission (NHM): Promotes holistic growth through infrastructure, technical assistance, and market linkages.
    • Cluster Development Program: Leverages regional strengths for integrated pre-production to marketing development.
  • National Horticulture Board (NHB): Provides financial aid, technical guidance, and market intelligence.
  • Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH): Offers comprehensive support across the horticulture value chain.
  • Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY): Supports states in planning, implementing, and monitoring horticulture development strategies.
  • Sub-Mission on Agriculture Mechanization (SMAM): Encourages mechanization for improved efficiency and reduced labor dependency.

Source : https://pib.gov.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=2022761 

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