Topic-1: Initiatives for New India


  • India’s young population (27.2% aged 15-29) is a powerful resource for development.
  • Youths are crucial for social change, technological advancement, and economic growth.

Government Initiatives:

  • Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan:
    • Young people are key ambassadors for the cleanliness campaign.
    • Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan organized “Swachh Bharat 2.0” activities in October 2022.
  • Youth Volunteers:
    • Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports prioritizes youth volunteerism for nation-building and personal development.
    • Capacity Development Training Program launched for 14,000 NYKS volunteers.
    • Trained volunteers are crucial for realizing the “Panch Pran” (five resolves) announced by PM Modi.
      • These resolves include:
        • Developed India
        • Eliminating colonial mentality
        • Pride in heritage
        • Unity
        • Sense of responsibility among citizens
      • Youth volunteers played a key role in reaching households and inspiring citizens to raise the national flag during “Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav”.
    • FIT India Movement:
      • Encourages young people to participate in physical activity for a healthy lifestyle.
      • Universities and educational institutions are renovating sports facilities.
      • World Bicycle Day observed on June 3rd to promote fitness and reduce carbon footprint.
      • FIT India Freedom Run – a virtual race with nearly 7 crore participants.

Sports and Youth Development:

  • Sports can be a great equalizer and unifier across cultures and backgrounds.
  • Sports need to be recognized as a viable career option.
  • Khelo India Program:
    • Launched to support athletes and improve the sports ecosystem.
    • Organizes Khelo India Youth Games and Winter Games annually.
    • Establishes Khelo India state centers of excellence and district-level centers.
    • Provides a talent discovery and development system.
    • Offers financial support for training and expenses.
    • Promotes rural and indigenous games to preserve culture and tradition.
    • Khelo India Mobile App used to identify sporting talent among 23 lakh school students.
    • Trained over 83,000 physical education teachers for talent scouting.

Way Ahead:

  • States can adopt “One State, One Sport” programs based on local interest and infrastructure.
  • Promote a sporting culture in Indian society.
  • Organize more leagues, tournaments, and competitions at local levels.
  • Government support to guide talented youth to international platforms.


  • Young people are not just India’s future, but also its present.
  • They are the drivers of innovation in the age of AI (“AatmaNirbhar Innovation”).
  • A healthy and fit young population is key to India’s growth.
  • India’s G20 presidency is an opportunity for youth to showcase their talent and commitment to the nation’s betterment.



Topic-2: Nurturing Excellence of Our Yuva Shakti


  • Young population is key to building a better future for India.
  • India has a young median age (29) and a large working-age population (67%).
  • 2020-2050 are seen as India’s “golden” economic years due to demographics.

Era of Techade:

  • India has a thriving startup ecosystem (3rd largest globally).
  • Number of unicorns increased rapidly (from 4 in 2014 to over 100 in 2022).
  • 77,000 government-recognized startups operate across various sectors.
  • Improved access to data, services, and reduced compliance burden foster growth.
  • India’s ranking on the World Innovation Index rose significantly (81st in 2015 to 40th in 2022).
  • Government initiatives like GeM platform address market access challenges for businesses.
  • Digital India connects remote areas and fosters a modern, vibrant market.

Creators of Jobs:

  • India’s growing economy reflects its multifaceted expansion (from $2 trillion in 2014 to $3 trillion in 2019).
  • The government prioritizes youth employability through schemes like:
    • PM Kaushal Vikas Yojana
    • MUDRA program
    • Skill India Mission
  • Production Linked Incentive (PLI) program benefits the manufacturing sector.
  • Codification of labor laws extends benefits to the unorganized sector.
  • Government initiatives improve the quality of life and empower the youth.

Holistic Education is Available:

  • The New Education Policy reforms the education system.
  • The new program focuses on improving learning outcomes and reducing dropout rates.
  • Medical education has seen significant expansion (number of colleges increased from 387 in 2014 to over 600 in 2022).
  • Eklavya Model Residential Schools provide quality education to tribal children.
  • The number of All India Institutes of Medical Sciences has tripled.
  • National Medical Commission (NMC) regulates medical education and ensures transparency.

Ease of Living – A New Reality:

  • Swachh Bharat Mission has constructed over 11 crore household toilets.
  • Ujjwala Yojana has provided cooking gas to over 10 crore families.
  • SAUBHAGYA and Deendayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana programs ensure electricity access for nearly 98% of Indian homes.
  • Over 1.34 lakh villages have achieved “Open Defecation Free (ODF) Plus” status.
  • Jal Jeevan Mission has provided clean tap water to over 10.75 crore rural homes.

Way Forward:

  • Youth are crucial for India’s future development and aspirations.
  • By 2047 (100th year of independence), India aims to be a developed nation with the largest economy.
  • Government schemes focus on education, skills, health, and value systems for the youth.
  • India needs to find new ways to harness the potential and aspirations of its young population.


Topic-3: FIT India: Towards a Healthy Future

Importance of Sports:

  • Promotes holistic development – physical, mental, and cognitive.
  • Inculcates core values – cooperation, discipline, teamwork, fair play, and tolerance.
  • Improves social connectedness and prepares students for future collaboration.
  • National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 emphasizes integrating sports and physical activities, including indigenous games, into education.
  • National Curriculum Framework (NCFSE) under development will incorporate sports and fitness.

FIT India Movement (Launched Aug 29, 2019):

  • Goal: Make fitness an integral part of daily life.
  • Objectives:
    • Change behavior towards physical activity.
    • Promote exercise as easy, enjoyable, and free.
    • Raise awareness about fitness and various activities.
    • Encourage indigenous sports.
    • Activate schools, universities, panchayats, and villages.
    • Create a platform for knowledge sharing and personal fitness stories.

FIT India Initiatives:

  • FIT India Samagra Shiksha Programme:
    • Annual sports stipend for government schools.
    • Additional sports award (up to Rs 25,000) for schools with national-level medal winners (min 2 students) in Khelo India games.
  • FIT India School Movement:
    • FIT India School Week (Nov-Dec) to promote fitness awareness among students, parents, teachers, and staff.
    • Launched in 2019.
  • FIT India Quiz (2021): Increase presence in schools and spread FIT India message.
  • FIT India Freedom Run 3.0: Encourage mass participation.
  • FIT India School Rating System: Rate schools based on available tools and facilities (3 or 5-star rating).
  • FIT India Mobile App: Raise awareness about the movement.


  • Sports play a significant role in national development.
  • India has a rich talent pool in sports.
  • Government initiatives promote sports and fitness, leading to a systemic change in India’s approach to sports and games.


Topic-4: Youth and Health

Defining Youth:

  • Generally considered ages 15-44 (early adulthood: 15-19 years; late youth: 20-44 years).
  • One of the healthiest demographics (low mortality and disease rates).
  • Prone to injuries (e.g., traffic accidents).
  • Health behaviors in youth impact future health.

Importance of Youth Health:

  • Youth are the most productive age group, driving the economy.
  • However, they face various health challenges due to:
    • Physiology
    • Behaviors (diet, jobs)
    • Lack of physical activity (India ranks 8th lowest globally)
    • 3 out of 4 youth don’t meet recommended activity levels

Youth-Related Health Problems:

  • Mental Health:
    • Major challenge due to academic pressure, violence, poverty, stigma, etc.
  • Substance Abuse:
    • Linked to risky behaviors and other health problems.
  • Tobacco Use:
    • Increases risk of diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, cancer, etc.
  • Physical Inactivity:
    • Only 20% of youth are sufficiently active (females especially low).
  • Chronic Diseases:
    • Diabetes and hypertension are becoming widespread (1 in 10 Indians diabetic).
    • Childhood health issues can have long-term consequences.

Government Initiatives:

  • Ayushman Bharat:Promotes preventive healthcare and healthy lifestyles.
  • FIT India Movement:Encourages physical activity among youth.

Creating a Public Health Movement:

  • Multi-pronged approach needed: schools, workplaces, communities.
  • Strengthen school health services for early intervention.
  • Promote workplace wellness (exercise breaks, healthy cafeterias).

Healthy Lifestyle Practices:

  • Mental Health Awareness:
    • Reduce stigma surrounding mental illness.
    • Seek professional help when needed.
  • Physical Activity:
    • WHO recommends 75-150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise weekly.
  • Adequate Sleep:
    • 6-8 hours of sleep nightly strengthens immunity and reduces stress.


  • Healthy youth are the foundation of India’s future development.
  • Preventive healthcare and healthy habits are crucial for youth.
  • Investing in youth health today secures a healthier nation tomorrow


Topic-5: Enablers for Employment

National Youth Policy (2022):

  • Aligned with Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • Focuses on 5 key areas:
    • Education
    • Employment & Business Ventures
    • Leadership & Youth Development
    • Fitness, Health & Sports
    • Justice for All
  • Organizations promoting youth development: NCC, NSS, NYKS.

Boosting Career Opportunities:

  • “Rozgar Mela” initiative: Government recruitment drive for 10 lakh youth.
  • “Karmayogi Prarambh” launched with Karmayogi Bharat Platform.
  • India – A global leader in innovation & entrepreneurship (ranked 63rd in Ease of Doing Business 2020).

Mission Karmayogi:

  • Launched by Capacity Building Commission (CBC) in 2021.
  • Aims to improve government HR practices through capacity building of civil servants.
  • Largest capacity-building program ever – targeting 1.5 crore officials.

Various Government Initiatives:

  • Education:
    • Swayam Prabha – Free educational DTH channels for rural students.
    • PM e-VIDYA – Multi-mode access to education for 25 crore school children.
    • National Education Alliance for Technology (NEAT) – Connecting edtech companies with students and institutions.
  • Skill Development:
    • Pradhan Mantri National Apprenticeship Mela (PMNAM) – Provides 10 lakh apprenticeship opportunities.
    • Skill India Mission by MSDE.
  • Defence:
    • Agnipath program – Recruits 46,000 young people as “Agniveers” for a 4-year term.

Start-up India:

  • Directorate for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) recognized 86,227 startups.
  • India has the potential to attract $475 billion in FDI over the next five years.

Way Forward:

  • Collaboration between government, private sector, and NGOs is crucial.
  • Global challenges like COVID-19, Ukraine conflict, and geopolitical issues exist.
  • India’s G20 presidency in 2023 with the theme “One Earth, One Family, One Future” offers hope for a better future.
  • Youth will play a significant role in shaping the future.


Topic-6: Youth for Environment Sustainability

Climate Change and Youth Action:

  • Urgent action needed to combat climate change and preserve environment.
  • Youth-led initiatives can improve education, achieve net-zero emissions, and ensure a sustainable future.
  • Strategic frameworks, policies, and monitoring are crucial for land management, disaster response, and biodiversity conservation.
  • With 1.8 billion people aged 10-24 globally (mostly in developing nations), youth represent a powerful force for change.

Roles of Youth in SDGs:

  • Critical Thinkers: Analyze challenges, biases, and inconsistencies in sustainability efforts.
  • Changemakers: Mobilize people and take action.
  • Innovators: Propose creative solutions and new ideas.
  • Communicators: Advocate for environmental causes locally and globally.
  • Leaders: Drive change when empowered with appropriate roles and responsibilities.

Youth and SDG 15: Life on Land:

  • Youth can significantly contribute to SDG 15 by:
    • Adopting sustainable lifestyles.
    • Taking positive environmental actions.

LiFE Movement:

  • Launched by the Indian Prime Minister at COP26.
  • Promotes a greener lifestyle focused on mindful use and reduced consumption.
  • Encourages individuals to take small, consistent steps towards a sustainable future.
  • Aims to build a global community of “Pro-Planet People” (P3) committed to eco-friendly living.

The Way Forward:

  • Utilize social media to foster social learning for sustainable development.
  • Promote sustainable practices like resource reuse and recycling.
  • Support young social entrepreneurs with a robust business ecosystem.
  • Strengthen green career education and job placement processes.


Topic-7: Shaping Digital Economy

Millennials Driving Digital India:

  • Millennials (born 1980-2000) are digital natives.
  • They are ideal candidates to shape India’s digital economy due to their reliance on digital tools.

Success of Indian Youth:

  • Young Indians (under 35) are starting numerous internet-based businesses.
  • India has 81 unicorns (startup valued at over $1 billion) with a total valuation of $274 billion.
  • 90 founders of the top 500 US unicorns are Indian citizens.
  • Many successful technopreneurs globally started young (in their 20s).
  • India leads the “Forbes 30 Under 30” 2022 list with 61 young achievers.

Leaders in Content Creation:

  • At least 8 crore young content creators and knowledge workers are using platforms like YouTube to create and monetize content.
  • Opportunities exist in both metros and Tier-2 cities.

The Gig Economy:

  • The gig economy is crucial for India with a 750% increase in youth (16-18) seeking gig jobs (study).
  • NITI Aayog estimates 77 lakh (7.7 million) people were employed in the gig economy in 2020-2021.
  • This number is projected to reach 2.35 crore (23.5 million) by 2029-2030.
  • Medium-skilled jobs dominate the gig economy (47%), followed by high-skilled (22%) and low-skilled (31%).
  • Youths’ openness to new opportunities makes gig jobs attractive.

Science Education:

  • A large young population can fuel a domestic market for digital products and services.
  • More Indian students are opting for science and engineering degrees, which is positive for the nation’s future.
  • Engineering institutes produce around 15 lakh tech graduates annually.


  • With the 2020s being called the “Techade” by PM Modi, India relies on its youth to lead the digital economy.
  • A tech-savvy, tech-skilled, and tech-confident young population is crucial for India to become a top global economy.



Topic-8: Youth Icons of India

Importance of Youth:

  • Agents of change for social development, markets, and policy.
  • Instrumental for achieving AatmaNirbhar Bharat (self-reliant India).

Business Leaders:

  • Sundar Pichai (CEO, Google) – Awarded Padma Bhushan 2022.
  • Satya Nadella (CEO, Microsoft) – Awarded Padma Bhushan 2022 for contributions to business and industry.
  • Naveen Tiwari (Founder, Glance and Roposo) – Innovative online services.

Sports Icons:

  • Sharath Kamal Achanta (Table Tennis) – Major Dhyan Chand Khel Ratna Award 2022.
  • Seema Punia (Athletics) – Arjuna Award 2022.
  • Neeraj Chopra (Javelin Throw) – First Indian Olympic gold medalist in Athletics (Tokyo 2020).
  • Rameshbabu Praggnanandhaa (Chess) – Defeated world champion Magnus Carlsen.



Topic-9 : Leading India towards Techade

Youth and Participatory Governance:

  • Young people’s participation is crucial for civic skill development and sustainable communities. (66% of India’s population is under 65)
  • MyGov App is a citizen-centric platform promoting participation.
  • India’s democratic values emphasize Sarvodaya (upliftment of all) and Antyodaya (upliftment of the last person).
  • Participatory governance is essential for achieving these goals.

Need for Participatory Governance:

  • Effective governance requires citizen participation.
  • People’s voices are central to creating and implementing policies that affect them (PM Modi).
  • Citizen involvement helps develop better action plans at all levels.
  • Informed citizenry leads to better government decision-making.

MyGov App and Participatory Governance:


  • MyGov uses various methods for citizen engagement: discussions, tasks, polls, blogs, etc.
  • It has State instances in 19 states and over 2.9 crore registered Saathis (companions).
  • MyGov’s focus on youth is key to promoting Jan Bhagidari (participative governance).

MyGov Promotes Participatory Governance Through:

  • Information Dissemination: Provides a central platform for citizens and raises awareness.
  • Transparency: Builds trust by offering easy online submissions.
  • Fact-checking: Informs citizens of official announcements and combats misinformation.
  • Collaborations: Facilitates partnerships between government and citizens and among citizens themselves.
  • Networking: Connects people who want to make a difference.


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