Yojana Summary

May 2024

Topic-4 : Khadi: A Legacy of Independence

Question : Examine the economic significance of Khadi, particularly in rural areas, and its contribution to grassroots development and women’s empowerment.

Khadi: The Fabric of India

  • Handspun, handwoven natural fiber cloth (cotton, silk, wool)
  • Coarse texture and versatility (clothing, scarves)
  • Traditional production methods (charkha, handloom)
  • Sustainable and embodies artisanal craftsmanship

India’s Rich Textile History

  • Evidence of textile mastery found in ancient civilizations
  • Indigo-dyed cotton and rose madder cloth from archaeological sites
  • Greek and Roman records mention India’s high-quality textiles
  • Ajanta and Ellora paintings showcase intricate designs

The Khadi Movement: A Symbol of Self-Reliance

  • Launched by Mahatma Gandhi as part of the Swadeshi movement
  • Promoted khadi (handspun, handwoven cloth) over British textiles
  • Aimed to boycott foreign goods and encourage self-sufficiency
  • Unified Indians across social classes through shared production
  • Khadi became a symbol of national pride and cultural identity
  • Empowered women through traditional spinning and weaving roles

Beyond Fabric: Empowering Lives and Culture

  • Economic Engine: Creates jobs in rural areas, especially for those with traditional spinning and weaving skills. Supports sustainable livelihoods and grassroots development.
  • Preserving Craftsmanship: Revives and sustains cottage industries, keeping traditional skills alive for future generations.
  • Sustainable Choice: Biodegradable natural fibers and minimal chemical use make khadi eco-friendly.
  • Cultural Legacy: Embodies self-reliance, simplicity, and traditional Indian values. Promotes cultural preservation.
  • Women’s Empowerment: Provides opportunities for women to earn a living and gain economic independence.

Government Initiatives:

  • Ministry of MSME & KVIC: Promote khadi through the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC).
  • Khadi Mark: Launched in 2013 to guarantee product genuineness and promote khadi’s social, cultural, and environmental values.
  • Fashion Design Collaboration: KVIC partners with designers to create appealing and competitive khadi products for domestic and international markets.
  • Global Reach: MoUs signed with organizations to explore business opportunities overseas.
  • Retail Expansion: Franchise scheme launched and partnerships established with retail chains to create “Khadi Korner” outlets.
  • E-commerce Presence: Online marketing through platforms like Paytm.
  • Reaching Youth: Introduction of trendy clothing like T-shirts, jeans, jackets, and “vicharvastra” (casual wear).
  • Airport Outlets: Increased accessibility through sales outlets at domestic and international airports.

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