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Global Food Crisis Report 2024

GS-2 Mains 

Overall Numbers:

  • 282 million people faced high acute food insecurity in 59 countries (2023).
  • Proportion of affected population remains high (>20%) for 4th year in a row.
  • 1 in 5 people assessed require critical urgent action.
  • Number affected increased by 24 million since 2022 (5th consecutive rise).

Main Drivers of Food Crisis:

  1. Conflict/Insecurity (20 countries, 135 million people affected)
    • Most severe crisis in Gaza Strip (Palestine) in 8 years.
    • Sudan facing worst crisis globally, with armed conflict impacting breadbasket region.
    • Highest number of forcibly displaced people (90 million) in 8 years.
  2. Extreme Weather (18 countries, 72 million people affected)
    • 2023 hottest year on record with El Nino and climate change impacts.
    • Many countries struggling to recover from droughts and floods.
  3. Economic Shocks (21 countries, 75 million people affected)
    • Mainly low-income, import-dependent countries not benefiting from lower global food prices.

Other Important Points:

  • Acute food insecurity worsened in 12 countries (2023 vs. 2022), with Sudan experiencing a significant deterioration.
  • Food security improved in 17 countries (2023 vs. 2022).
  • GRFC is produced by the Food Security Information Network and launched by the Global Network Against Food Crises.
  • UN Secretary-General Guterres emphasizes urgency and need for data-driven solutions.

Additional Details:

  • El Nino conditions currently prevail in the equatorial Pacific.
  • IPC (Integrated Food Security Phase Classification) is a standardized tool for food security analysis.
  • GRFC analyzes data from 1.3 billion people across 59 countries.

Source : https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/food/global-food-crisis-1-in-5-people-in-need-of-urgent-action-95773

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