Prelims Daily Current Affairs for Civil Services
Section – Polity
Strength of CoM in Madhya Pradesh
What in news
- Rajya Sabha member has said that the Congress will move the court as the strength of the Council of Ministers in Madhya Pradesh exceeds the prescribed limit. 20 Cabinet Ministers and 8 Ministers of State were included in the Ministry, expanding it to 34. At present, the number of members in the Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly is 206.
Article 164 (1A):
- Article 164 (1A) provides for limiting the number of ministers in the state cabinets.
- It prescribes that the total number of ministers, including the Chief Minister, in the Council of Ministers in a State shall not exceed 15% of the total number of members of the Legislative Assembly of that State.
- It was inserted in the Constitution on the recommendation of the National Commission for Review of the Working of the Constitution headed by former Chief Justice of India, M.N. Venkatachaliah on misuse and drainage of public money to put a ban on over-sized cabinets.
Section – Health
Why in news
- Karnataka’s ASHA workers have emerged crucial in the fight against COVID-19.
ASHA stands for Accredited Social Health Activists. It is an initiative under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) to address the health requirements of rural India. They spread awareness on health issues and mobilise the rural community to use health services more efficiently.
Section – Index
Swachh Survekshan 2021
Why in news
A new category of awards titled ‘Prerak Dauur Samman’ announced as part of Swachh Survekshan 2021.
- The Prerak Dauur Samman has a total of five additional subcategories – Divya (Platinum), Anupam (Gold), Ujjwal (Silver), Udit (Bronze), Aarohi (Aspiring) – with top three cities being recognized in each.
- In a departure from the present criteria of evaluating cities on ‘population category’, this new category will categorize cities on the basis of six select indicator-wise performance criteria which are as follows
Segregation of waste into Wet, Dry and Hazard categories
o Processing capacity against wet waste generated
o Processing and recycling of wet and dry waste
o Construction & Demolition (C&D) waste processing
o Percentage of waste going to landfills
o Sanitation status of cities
- To encourage cities to improve urban sanitation, the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has been conducting the Swachh Survekshan since 2016.
- The competition has been able to imbibe a spirit of healthy competition among the citizens with respect to improving the cleanliness of their cities.
- In the 2020 Swachh Survekshan, an unprecedented 1.87 crore citizens participated. The results for 2020 are yet to be released by the Ministry.
- While Mysuru had won the award for the Cleanest City of India in the first edition of the survey, Indore has retained the top position for three consecutive years (2017, 2018, 2019).
Kaziranga National Park
Why in News
- According to Kaziranga National Park authorities around 80% of its area has been inundated due to floods.
- Location: It is located in the State of Assam and covers 42,996 Hectare (ha). It is the single largest undisturbed and representative area in the Brahmaputra Valley floodplain.
- Legal Status: It was declared as a National Park in 1974. It has been declared a tiger reserve since 2007. It has a total tiger reserve area of 1,030 sq km with a core area of 430 sq. km.
- International Status: It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in It is recognized as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.
- Important Species Found: one-horned rhinos.
- Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary has the highest density of one-horned rhinos in the world and second highest number of Rhinos in Assam after Kaziranga National Park.
- focus of conservation efforts in Kaziranga are focused on the ‘big four’ species— Rhino, Elephant, Royal Bengal tiger and Asiatic water buffalo.
- Kaziranga had an estimated 103 tigers, the third highest population in India after Jim Corbett National Park (215) in Uttarakhand and Bandipur National Park (120) in Karnataka.
- Kaziranga is also home to 9 of the 14 species of primates found in the Indian subcontinent.
Rivers and Highways:
- The National Highway 37 passes through the park area. The park also has more than 250 seasonal water bodies, besides the Diphlu River running through it.
- Other national parks in Assam are: Dibru-Saikhowa National Park, Manas National Park, Nameri National Park, Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park.