Chapter-17  : Food, Civil Supplies & Consumer Affairs

Short Notes or Revision Notes 

GIST of India Year Book 2024

Consumer Protection

  • Consumer Welfare Fund:Aims to strengthen consumer rights and movements in India.
    • Provides seed money to states/UTs to create a Consumer Welfare (Corpus) Fund.
    • Funds generated from the Corpus support consumer welfare projects.
    • 24 states have established the Corpus Fund so far.
    • Grants are also provided for capacity building programs at National Law Universities.

National Food Security Act (NFSA) (2013)

  • Goal:Ensure access to affordable, quality food for all.
  • Coverage:
    • Up to 75% of rural population.
    • Up to 50% of urban population.
  • Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS):Provides subsidized food grains.
    • Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY): Poorest of the poor receive 35 kg per household/month at ₹1/2/3 per kg.
    • Priority Households: Receive 5 kg per person/month at the same subsidized prices.

New Integrated Food Security Scheme (January 1, 2023):

  • Free food grains to 81.35 crore NFSA beneficiaries.
  • One Nation-One Price-One Ration Card:Aims for uniform ration access across India.
  • Implementation:
    • Free food grains for all AAY and Priority Household beneficiaries for one year.
    • Distribution through 5.33 lakh Fair Price Shops.
  • Subsumes existing schemes:
    • Food Subsidy to FCI for NFSA
    • Food Subsidy for decentralized procurement states

Overall Goal: Provide social and legal commitment to ensure access to food and nutritional security for all.

One Nation One Ration Card (ONORC)

  • Enables NFSA beneficiaries to access subsidized food grains from any Fair Price Shop (FPS) in India.
  • Achieved through:
    • Nationwide portability of ration cards.
    • ePoS devices at FPS locations.
    • Aadhaar seeding with ration cards.
    • Biometrically authenticated transactions.

Continuation of Free Food Grains under PMGKAY

  • Free food grains for 81.35 crore beneficiaries for five years starting January 2024.
  • Key Points:
    • Largest social welfare scheme for food security globally.
    • Uniform delivery of free grains across India (rice, wheat, or millets).
    • Nation-wide network of over 5 lakh Fair Price Shops.
    • Ease of access for migrants through portability under ONORC.
    • Promotes “Digital India” through technology-based reforms.

Public Distribution System (PDS) Reforms in India

End-to-End Computerization (TPDS):

  • Aims for transparency in distributing subsidized food grains.
  • Implemented with all states/UTs on a cost-sharing basis.
  • Key features:
    • Digitization of ration cards and beneficiary data.
    • Aadhaar seeding for unique beneficiary identification.
    • Weed out duplicate/ineligible beneficiaries.
    • Completion by December 2023 (no denial of entitlements until then).

Integrated Management of Public Distribution System (IMPDS):

  • Launched in 2018-19, a central sector scheme to build upon End-to-End Computerization.
  • Objectives:
    • Nationwide portability of ration cards.
    • Data analytics for continuous improvement.
    • Established a Central Repository for all ration card/beneficiary data.

One Nation One Ration Card (ONORC):

  • Enables nationwide portability for PDS beneficiaries.
  • Technology-driven initiative for easier access to rations across India.

Mera Ration Mobile App:

  • Part of the ONORC plan’s technology reforms.
  • Features (available in 13 languages):
    • View entitlement details.
    • Check transaction history.
    • Verify Aadhaar seeding status and portability eligibility.
    • Register for ONORC (voluntary).
    • Locate nearby Fair Price Shops (FPS) using GPS.

Smart PDS (April 2023 – March 2026):

  • A centrally sponsored scheme to further enhance PDS reforms.
  • Goals:
    • Sustain existing technology-driven improvements.
    • Introduce new reforms for efficient PDS functioning.
    • Strengthen national portability under ONORC.


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