The Hindu Editorial Summary

Topic-1 : India’s Global Rise vs. Regional Decline: A Paradox

GS-2 Mains Exam  : Health

Revision Notes

Question : Discuss the significance of India’s regional presence in achieving its global ambitions. Evaluate the potential impact of India’s ability to address its regional decline on its overall geopolitical standing and influence.

India’s Global Rise:

  • Strong economic growth
  • Improved military capabilities
  • Young population
  • Membership in G-20, participation in Quad, BRICS, SCO
  • Strategic location in the Indo-Pacific

Factors Contributing to Rise:

  • Rise of Indo-Pacific as a strategic region
  • US interest in countering China

India’s Regional Decline:

  • Weakening influence in South Asia
  • US withdrawal from region creates power vacuum filled by China
  • Focus on global power balance may neglect regional dynamics and smaller countries

Reasons for Decline:

  • Comparative power dynamics with China
  • Geopolitical choices of South Asian nations

Potential Issue:

  • Overlooking regional balancing acts in favor of major power struggles could be counterproductive.

The Rise of China: Challenges and Opportunities for India

China’s Rise and India’s Response:

  • China’s growing power creates stiff competition for India in South Asia.
  • US withdrawal and India’s Indo-Pacific focus benefit China.
  • Smaller South Asian nations are balancing between India and China.

Recommendations for India:

  1. Acknowledge the Change: Accept the transformed regional landscape and adjust policies.
  2. Focus on Strengths: Play to India’s advantages instead of mimicking China’s approach.
  3. Leverage Maritime Power: Utilize India’s maritime strengths to overcome continental limitations (e.g., trade, partnerships).
  4. Integrate Neighbors: Offer South Asian countries a stake in India’s Indo-Pacific strategy to counter China’s influence.
  5. Embrace External Partnerships: Welcome regional involvement beyond just India-centric policies.
  6. Boost Soft Power: Strengthen cultural and civil society ties with South Asian neighbors.


India’s global ambitions require a strong regional presence. Can India address its regional decline while achieving global influence?




The Hindu Editorial Summary

Topic-2 : Getting Back on Track with SDGs: A 2024 Call to Action

GS-2 Mains Exam  : Health

Revision Notes

Question : Evaluate the urgency of taking immediate action to achieve the SDGs and ensure a healthy planet and society.

The UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):

  • Adopted in 2015 by UN General Assembly (Agenda-2030).
  • 17 goals with 169 targets for achieving sustainable development by 2030.
  • Voluntary program with global commitment.


  • Slow progress: Improvements since 2015 insufficient to meet targets.
  • COVID-19 and global crises halted progress.
  • Environmental and biodiversity goals neglected (consumption, production, climate, etc.).
  • Disjointed approach ignores interconnected nature of SDGs.

UN SDG Report 2023: Five Key Actions Needed:

  1. Government Commitment:
    • 7 years of accelerated action to deliver on SDG promises.
  2. Integrated Policies:
    • Address poverty, inequality, and environmental degradation.
    • Focus on women, girls, and vulnerable populations.
  3. Strengthen Capacity:
    • Improve national and subnational institutions for faster progress.
  4. International Support:
    • Developed nations to assist developing nations.
    • Strengthen UN development system.

2024: A Year of Opportunity:

  • 64 countries (developed and developing) hold elections (49% of world population).
  • New governments can prioritize sustainability and align policies with SDGs.


  • Urgent action needed to achieve SDGs and ensure a healthy planet and society.
  • 2024 elections offer a chance for renewed commitment and policy changes towards a sustainable future.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *